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EN
Examining the presidential bill, the author presents a number of substantive and interpretive doubts aroused by the proposed provisions. Allowing the associations’ bodies to obtain remuneration violates the legal principle according to which associations are based on unpaid work of their members and reinforces the trend of departure from the traditional model of association. Additionally, this raises doubts as to the remuneration of other members of the association. The entry into force of the proposed provisions for dissolution of a local organizational unit (with legal personality) of an association will obscure the relationship between these provisions and the general principles of dissolution of association. The author also points to the incompatibility of the proposed provisions to repeal resolutions of the association’s bodies by the court to the general provisions of civil law. In his opinion, the bill should more specifically regulate some aspects of the process of associations transitions or mergers. Further legislative work on the bill is needed.
EN
This article presents the idea of a network organization in the context of creating social capital, with the SWIS association as an example. A summary of this work forwards the following conclusion: Social capital can be developed provided managerial competencies and the right attitude of people of managerial positions is present. The article provides practical recommendations for people managing network organizations.
EN
Volunteer fire brigades have a long history of operation. They operated as voluntary entities with the legal form of the association. Nowadays, acting as an association, they are also fire protection units. It places these units in a specific position.
EN
The purpose of this paper is to examine the development of agricultural associations in Bohemia during the rise of the Czech agrarian movement, from the 1870s–1890s, focusing on the agricultural circle called beseda. Exploring how they spread and how rural inhabitants began to participate in political discussions and parliamentary politics, using these associations as a platform, this paper suggests the necessity to place the rise of the Czech agrarian movement in the broader context of an expanding public sphere and the social transformation after the abolition of hereditary subjection.
EN
Excess partial molar thermodynamic functions for the Ag-Tl-Te liquid solutions have been determined along the sections: X-Ag:X-Tc=1:4, 2:3, 1:1 and 3:2. The thermodynamic properties have been discussed in dependence on the number and type of associates existing in the liquid.
6
Content available remote Studencki ruch naukowy w systemie nauki akademickiej
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Rocznik Lubuski
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2011
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tom 37
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nr 2
195-210
EN
Student scientific movement in Poland is over 150 years old. Its history is best recognized by a model (which is an idealization tool) as the theory of social movements poses too many problems. In this way three models emerge: traditional (1851 - 1947), socialist (1948 - 1989) and contemporary. In all three models a scientific circle is a dominant organization form, having the features of community and association. Institutional processes influence the activity of student movement in a negative way. Stiffening of structures leads to crises as the collective action of this type is strongly dependent on the charisma of local activists. Apart from the issues conditioned by the scientific policy, a number of immanent difficulties is being observed, e.g., the problems of ”fictitious members”, evanescence or lack of professionalism. The review of the solutions present on European universities leads to the conclusion that scientific circles – including all their burdens – are an excellent scientific opportunity for research active students.
EN
The International Navigation Association (PIANC) is an international scientific and technical non-political and non-profit making association sponsored by national, federal and regional Governments or their representative bodies and open to membership by corporate organisations and to individuals. The Association aims to be the foremost professional organisation for the promotion management and sustainable development of navigation inland, coastal and ocean waterways, embracing ports and harbours, logistics, infrastructure and coastal zones all for the safe and efficient operation of all types of commercial and recreational vessel.
EN
The new local composition model for excess Gibbs energy (NRTLmKW) has been applied for vapour-liquid equilibria in six binary mixtures with compounds containing oxygen: tert-amyl methyl ether + 2,2,4-trimethylpentane, tert-amyl methyl ether + methylcyclohexane, tert-amyl methyl ether + toluene, 2-ethoxyethanol + methanol, 2-ethoxyethanol + n-valeraldehyde, 2-ethoxyethanol + dipropyl ether. The obtained results prove the superiority of the proposed model over Redlich-Kister, Wilson, UNIQUAC,NRTL,AEOS and PRSV models. Recommendation for a global thermodynamic description of associating mixture by this model is given.
EN
The discontinuous shifts of Raman lines with the concentration between 500 and 2600 cm(-1) in solutions of HNO3-H2O and KNO3-HNO3 show the formation of the associates H2OxHNO3 and (HNO3)2xNO3(-). The study of the 2000-3600 cm(-1) range enhances the complexity of the OH' spectra with the occurrence of Evans windows, owing to the formation of hydrogen bonds in the two associates.
EN
A Deputy may perform the function of vice-president of the association established abroad, unless it combines some kind of broadly understood employment in government or local government institution, with the aim of being a representative of the province in this association. However, a Deputy cannot perform such a function, if that association is an entrepreneur and a municipal legal person is its member or if in the course of its economic activity the association uses state or municipal property. Deputies are obliged to inform the Marshal of the Sejm about his/her additional activities, and to disclose obtained remuneration in the Register of Interests. Such remuneration may affect the amount of a Deputy’s salary
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tom 7
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nr 2
273–286
EN
The Sodality movement has been initiated in the 16th c. and it was around then that the first sodality organizations were created in Poland. The Sodality of Our Lady for Women Students and Female Participants of Higher Courses in Krakow was founded in 1906; it co-created the Krakow sodality movement in the interwar period together with the Sodality Movement of the Academicians at the Jagiellonian University, the Sodality Movement of the Academicians of the Academy of Mining and the Sodality Movement of the Students of the Higher Commercial College in Krakow. In 1925 the Sodality of Our Lady for Women Students and Female Participants of Higher Courses in Krakow became transformed into the Sodality of Our Lady for Women Academicians and when the ruling concerning academic associations was introduced in 1933, the organization had changed its name into: Sodality of Our Lady for Women Students of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. The latter organization had laid special emphasis on religious instruction and spiritual formation of its female members, which is a characteristic feature of all sodality movements. But apart from the activity which was focused on the spiritual sphere, the Sodality movement also provided assistance in the strictly material sphere both to sodality members and persons from outside the organization – among others, to children, those in need of material aid or the sick who were undergoing treatment in St. Lazarus or St. Ludwig Hospitals in Kraków
EN
The paper presents the analysis of the semantic shifts in the lexical meaning of the lexeme bespredel (mayhem). The lexeme penetrates into the literary language from the jargon of criminals in 1990; its frequency dramatically increased in media and oral public communication. The shifts in its semantics were triggered by social transformations during Russian perestroika due to deconstruction of the socialist economy and political system. Bespredel in literary Russian acquired the meaning ‘extreme degree of chaos, when a person feels helplessness and vulnerability owing to violation of laws and rules’. According to the Russian national corpus, the word belongs to the media discourse while being rarely used in literature.
13
Content available remote O szczególnej pozycji spójnikowych predykatów asocjatywnych
80%
EN
In the word class of conjunctions, the paper discerns: (a) exponents of associative predicates, i.e. predicates which connect/link events/propositions by way of a simple association, (b) exponents of temporal links between events, and (c) exponents of causal links between events. The author discusses certain special uses of Polish associative predicates formalized as conjunctions, and concludes that they are also characteristic of the corresponding class of predicates in other languages. She emphasizes their domination in the oral communication and comments on their ability to appear in the secondary function of quasi-particles.
EN
Brand names’ basic role is to inform about products, their quality and advantages. In order to make them more effectiv, they often demonstrate unusual semantic structures. The aim of this paper is the analysis of semantic structures of German brand names of cosmetics. It will be shown that brand names and their semantic structure communicate information, associations and suggestions. Their direct or indirect basic associations suggest certain values, different views of life or meanings. Brand names aim at the evocation and aspiration of the exotic, beauty and uniqueness or assure of the high quality and values of the products. So the pictorial semantics of brand names of cosmetics proved to be a perfect source for cultural analysis.
EN
Spectral absorption UV-Vis investigations on association of copper(II) octacarboxyphthalocyanine in aqueous solutions are reported. In 5.0x10-7-5.0x10-5 mol/dm3 concentration range monomers and dimers are mainly present. The calculated dimerization constant 106dm3/mol at 25°C and the hypsochromic spectral shift for the dimer 1164 cm-1 (688 nm_ 637 nm) indicate a stack-like association of molecules and suggestpi-pi interactions between Pc macrocycles in dimer and higher aggregates, in contrast to hydrogen bonding between carboxylic groups of adjacent Pc molecules.
EN
The article focusses on the analysis of migrants’ leisure activities with the example of Polish minority in Brno. Based on participant observation and interviews with Polish migrants who spent at least one year in Brno, it is possible to reveal the diversity in leisure activities as well as common trends occurring during free time. Migrants’ understanding of free time in their new destination is encumbered by the context of the place of origin and the customs formed there. The analysis of migrants’ leisure activities shows the level of migrants’ integration and their interest in active participation in the life in their new environment. During their free time, they maintain contacts with their country of origin – family, friends, and cultural background. Migrants’ specific habitus is created, which can be implemented due to their stay “here” and “there” (most migrants use their free time to travel home), and the trans-national identity is constructed. Free time also becomes a space for more or less official meetings of Poles within their own language and ethnic group.
PL
The article attempts to shows that in the era of post-modernity, the ethnically, racially, religiously, culturally ornationally mixed marriages are more and more frequent phenomenon, contributing to the emergence of new types of cultural identity. The degree of cultural difference determines the number of problems which occur between partners. National, religious, linguistic and cultural differences can affect both positively and negatively functioning multicultural families.The main context of this article is the activity of Multicultural Families Association, which was formed in the aftermath of diagnosis multicultural families living in Krakow. The Association responds to the needs of these families.
EN
In the article institutions like agritourism associations and local authorities which take part in the process of agritourism services management in Limanowa County were presented. These institutions manages different matters like promotion and widely understood marketing. To aim it in the period February-March this year questionnaire researches were carried out in all ten rural communities in the county. In March this year questionnaire researches were carried out with the chambers of “The Agritourism Association of the Limanowa County” and “The Association of Tourism and Agritourism of Mountainous Regions”. Besides, history of agritourism development in this part of Malopolska Voivodeship was presented. It was made on the basis of data from the Tourism Institute in Warsaw and from results of researches carried out by the author of this article.
EN
The prolactin receptor (PRLR) gene was studied as a candidate gene for the high prolificacy of Jining Grey goats. Polymorphisms in intron 1 and intron 2 of PRLR gene were detected in high prolificacy (Jining Grey) and low prolificacy (Boer, Wendeng dairy, Liaoning Cashmere and Beijing) native goats using PCR-SSCP. For intron 1, five genotypes (AA, AH, AK, HH and HK) were identified in Jining Grey goats, and two (AA and AK) in the other four breeds. The Jining Grey does of genotype HH, HK, AH and AK delivered by 0.65, 0.62, 0.59 and 0.57 more kids (P<0.01) than those of genotype AA, respectively. For intron 2, three genotypes (CC, CD and DD) were detected in Boer goats, and two (CC and CD) in the other four breeds. The Jining Grey does of genotype CD delivered by 0.55 (P<0.01) more kids than those of genotype CC.
EN
An association between Helicobacter infection and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in children was investigated. The prevalence of antibodies to H. pylori did not differ between the AIH and the control group, (22% versus 14%), and antibodies to non-gastric Helicobacter were not detected in either group. H. pylori DNA was found in two AIH liver tissues, but Helicobacter was not cultured from any sample.
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