The mechanism of end breakage in ring spinning is a complex phenomenon, and is entirely different from the yarn failure mechanism during a tensile test. In this paper a possible mechanism of end breakage is reported. A statistical model is developed for predicting the likely end breakage rate in ring spinning. The important factors in governing end breaks are the mean yarn strength, yarn strength variation, mean value of the peak spinning tensions and the variation of yarn mass irregularity. Some practical aspects have also been discussed to tackle the problem of when the breakage rate suddenly increases.