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This study sought to explore the following issues 1) health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Fabry patients relative to the general population 2) the quality of life (QoL) level in heterozygous females as compared to hemizygous males and the general population. A prospective, cross-sectional study was performed in patients diagnosed with Fabry disease in Poland (n=33). HRQoL was assessed with two generic questionnaires: the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) and EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D), which includes the EQ-5D descriptive system and the EQ-visual analogue scale (EQ VAS), as well as a disease-specific author’s questionnaire. When measured with EQ-VAS, the subjective perception of health status was significantly lower in Fabry patients than that of the general population. SF-36 norm-based scores showed that patients are disadvantaged mainly in social functioning, bodily pain, and mental health. Objective assessments of HRQoL according to the EQ-5D Index tend to be lower for males than for females. Only male patients experienced extreme problems identified by the EQ-5D descriptive system. HRQoL of Fabry patients, measured by EQ-5D and SF-36, is lower as compared with that of the general population. Fabry disease effects QoL in its physical, mental and social dimensions.
This study aims at identifying determinants of health related quality of life in Poland, and in particular at verifying whether health domains are complements or substitutes and what the impact of heterogeneity of population on the health state valuation is. The paper uses data in panel structure coming from a survey conducted in Poland and consisting of 6700 valuations (after data cleaning) of EQ-5D health states with time trade-off method. Several econometric models are built in order to detect the impact of complementarity and heterogeneity. Random effects models as well as random parameters models estimated using Bayesian approach are used. The results show that health domains are complementary goods. Especially the lack of pain/discomfort is a complement to other health domains. Demographic factors influence how health state change impacts utility. These factors encompass sex, education, respondent's health state and even belief in life after death.
Objectives Sleep disorders can affect health and occupational performance of physicians as well as outcomes in patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) measured by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) among academic physicians at a tertiary academic medical center in an urban area in the northwest region of Turkey, and to establish a relationship between the self-perceived sleepiness and the quality of life using the EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D). Material and Methods A questionnaire prepared by the researchers after scanning the literature on the subject was e-mailed to the academic physicians of a tertiary academic medical center in Istanbul. The ESS and the EQ-5D were also included in the survey. The e-mail database of the institution directory was used to compile a list of active academic physicians who practiced clinical medicine. Paired and independent t tests were used for the data analysis at a significance level of p < 0.05. Results Three hundred and ninety six academic physicians were e-mailed and a total of 252 subjects replied resulting in a 63.6% response rate. There were 84 (33.3%) female and 168 (66.7%) male academic physicians participating in the study. One hundred and eight out of 252 (42.8%) academic physicians were taking night calls (p < 0.001). Ninety study subjects (35.7%) felt they had enough sleep and 84 (33.3%) reported napping daily (p < 0.001). In our sample, 28.6% (N = 72) of the physicians felt sleepy during the day (ESS score > 10) (p < 0.001). In the case of the EQ-5D index and visual analogue scale of the EQ-5D questionnaire (EQ-5D VAS), the status of sleepiness of academic physicians was associated with a poorer quality of life (p < 0.001). Conclusions More than a 1/4 of the academic physicians suffered from sleepiness. There was an association between the poor quality of life and daytime sleepiness. There was also a positive relationship between habitual napping and being sleepy during the day.
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