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Content available remote Chodovo, Kouto, Choboto. K přechodu toponym od maskulina k neutru
The article deals with Czech toponyms with the neuter ending -o, occurring almost exclusively in Southwest Bohemia. These neuter forms are regarded as (mostly unofficial) variants of masculine names. These forms are attested both in non-settlement names (mostly field names) and settlement names. Especially the settlement names data are rather rich; they include unofficial variants of toponyms and their historical records (some of the historical records are very old, beginning as early as in the 12th century). The area of occurrence of toponyms of this type has been compared to the dialectal area of the indeclinable form of possessive adjectives ending in -ovo found in Southwest Bohemia; the correspondence of these two areas is striking and can hardly be coincidental. According to the author’s hypothesis, the change of the toponyms ending in -ov and -ín to -ovo and -ino started in the historical period in which the original possessive function of the names and their connection with possessive adjectives was still transparent. Based on the toponymic evidence, it seems that the Southwest Bohemian dialectal phenomenon of possessive adjectives ending in -ovo must be extremely old, reaching as far back as the 12th century.
Content available remote O Komárkově teorii morfologie:
The article is devoted to the Czech linguist Miroslav Komárek, both to commemorate his 90th birthday (which he unfortunately can no longer celebrate) and to provide insight into his theory of morphology and later morphological work inspired by it. The first part reflects morphology in the context of grammatical descriptions before Komárek, comparing them with the methodology of the Prague School’s functional structuralism. The second part shows that the Mathesius-inspired direction of grammatical description, from function to form, resonates with the conceptual efforts of the generation of the 1970s and their concept of academic grammar. On the other hand, it demonstrates the incompatibility of word-formational and morphological descriptions, an issue which was a part of Komárek’s morphological endeavors. The main part of the article analyzes Komárek’s most important conceptual morphological efforts, i.e. Příspěvky k české morfologii (Komárek 1978), the two basic pillars of which are the theory of word classes and word structure analysis. The last part shows the (non-) inspiration in several post-Komárek word-formational and morphological descriptions, especially in current projects which aim to create a new academic grammar of the Czech language.
Content available remote Nová automatická morfologická analýza češtiny
A detailed morphological description of word forms in any language is one of the necessary conditions for the successful automatic processing of linguistic data. The aim of this paper is to present a project aimed at a new description of Czech morphology, especially the planned changes in the tagset. The key changes are as follows: 1) the unambiguous description of variants; 2) the concept of a multiple lemma; 3) the revision of part-of-speech definitions.
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