Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na https://bibliotekanauki.pl
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 14

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  COMPETITION
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
1
Content available remote THE CHANGES OF THE CONSTRUCTION MARKET IN HONG KONG DURING THE YEARS 1990-2002
100%
|
2007
|
tom 2
|
nr 1
79-87
EN
The main task of this study is to show the changes in construction market in Hong Kong. The study is connected with the time of 1990-2002. The construction companies were divided into three groups: foreign, local and Chinese ones. The major role in the 90 played the foreign organizations. In the middle of 90 the Chinese firms took the advantage. The background of this process was examined and presented.
EN
Among the various studies on cross-cultural aspects of self-concept there is a huge lack on relation of self-concept to competition. In our study, we try to reject a stereotype, that competition is not a desired personal characteristic. The principal hypothesis is, therefore, that if competition is investigated in a context of self-concept, positive dimensions as well as correlations with self-concept areas can appear. As a consequence, a new model of self-concept, based on different kinds of competition, could be postulated. It could also be assumed that this model might differ from culture to culture. There were, accordingly, participants from three countries taking part in the study. The countries were chosen on basis of the political and cultural indicators in Eastern/Southern versus Western/Southern European transitions: Slovenia, Serbia and Spain. There are two particular aims to the research. The first one is to find out if there are any differences in self-concept and competition among participants from different countries. In accordance with the second aim, the investigation of the correlations between self-concept and competition within each national cultural group is underlined. The study comprised 169 Slovene, 99 Serbian and 140 Spanish participants. We found that the cultural indicator has a significant impact on self-concept and competition. What is more, it could be assumed that 'Southern' disposition predominates over Eastern as well as Western dimensions, which means that Slovenes could be among the more competitive participants, but have lower self-concept areas than their Southern peers.
|
2009
|
nr 1
67-89
EN
Emergence of cooperative linkages among competitors quite often accompanies rivalries and the operation price mechanism. This particular type of relations among the actors taking part in market game is termed coopetition. In the article the processes of coopetition are described as instruments that control the behavior of firms. In particular, factors that influence the results of processes by which firms compete and cooperate among themselves are identified. It is stressed that further empirical research on coopetition needs a thorough systematization of concepts and methods.
|
|
tom 9
53-61
EN
The present article is a modest contribution to the reconstruction and systematization of a rich and seminal conception of René Girard. The letter belongs to a group of the most influential philosophers of culture of the XX and XXI century whose theories attempt at explaining the origins of this uniflue and diverse phenomen: culture Girard produces a coherent although a controversial theory of basic, fundament motives of human behavior (e.g. jalousie and strike For excellence and emulation) which set in motion a series of symbolic reactions leading to the emergence of organized society and finally social behavior. Those reactions were mainly responsible for the cultural development and progress.
5
Content available remote COMPETITION ON THE POSTAL SERVICE MARKET IN POLAND
100%
|
2010
|
tom 5
|
nr 1
184-190
EN
Services play an important role in the Polish economy alongside industry, construction, banking or agriculture. On the European Union markets services represent the dominant area of economic activity. This position is exemplified by the number of employees in that sector of the European Union economy providing jobs to about 75% of the total EU professionally active population. Results of the analysis of source materials concerning the level of competition in the postal market indicate its rapid development, including fierce competition in the sector of services allowed for every operator after obtaining the concession as well as completely deregulated postal services. In the reserved services market only the monopoly of the Polish Post Office continues in providing services of general nature.
EN
The Act on Public Procurement is not applied for orders and competitions whose value does not exceed an equivalent of the amount of 14,000 Euros in the Polish zlotys, referred to as small orders. The lack of clear regulations in the national law does not mean that the ordering party is exempt from the obligation to obey the provisions of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The author discusses the norms and rules for granting small orders, taking account of the requirements that beneficiaries of Structural Funds must meet. She also presents potential sanctions for irregularities. The article is aimed at showing that they can result in a financial correction, also in the case of orders that are not included in the Act on Public Procurement.
EN
This paper loosely follows the article „Leniency Program and effective regret“ by the author published in Právny obzor 1/2012, which is dealing with leniency and effective regret under the provisions of the Criminal Code in general. The author addresses the partial issue in this paper, and thus completes the complex relationship of restricting competition, leniency program and the effective regret and their relationship to the concentration in the form of a joint venture.
8
Content available remote PRODUCT INNOVATIONS AS THE SOURCE OF ENTERPRISE COMPETITIVENESS
88%
|
2007
|
tom 2
|
nr 1
114-123
EN
Enterprises continually search for ways of improving and strengthening their competitiveness. This is not an easy task. Continuous floating of new products to the market is one of the options. Thanks to product innovations the enterprise can increase its market share, the level of achieved profit, improve its competitive position and, as a consequence, its competitiveness. This study aimed at identification of strategic goals of creating new products, factors determining undertaking of innovation activities in that area and factors determining market success of such products. The studies showed that floating new products to the market serves, first of all, achievement of typical market goals. The success of a new product strategy is determined by marketing factors as well as the financial standing of the company, its image and promotion potential. The major factors stimulating innovative activities of the enterprise are the status of market needs and preferences, rate of changes in them, technology progress as well as resources and skills of the enterprise.
EN
Competition in the economy is a general model of competition. Competitions, which take place in other spheres of life, have many parallels to the competition in the economy. Economic competition can therefore be used as a model that will be the benchmark for the definition of competition in other areas. Similarly to the model of economic competition, where individual businesses compete with each other, in regulatory competition model individual states compete with each other. The purpose of it is achievement of a high degree of production factors' concentration in the country and seizure of additional income. This phenomenon causes different assessment, from the denial of it, to recognition as a phenomenon. There are several conditions, which should be fulfilled, to assure an effective regulatory competition, and now it is very difficult to meet them.
|
2010
|
nr 3
285-318
EN
Competition policy needs taking into account the more economic approach to competition law, in particular with regard to IT and electronic communications, to deal with the problem of determining the dynamics of innovation. The challenging issues are those of applying Art.102 of the Treaty to, e.g.: essential facilities, imposing compulsory licenses, defining the collective market dominance, linked transactions, cartelization and concentration, as well as the determinants of effective consumer protection. Problems arising from the more economic approach in competition law are: the danger of relativization of rules; legal uncertainty; rising costs; length and complexity of procedures; conflict between the so-called per se. rule and rule of reason in the application of competition law; and designing optimally diversified rules and regulations to provide stable and secure competitive freedom to business. The use of economic knowledge in the field of competition law involved inspirations mostly from neoclassical equilibrium theory, while ideas belonging to development economics, behavioral economics, workable competition theory and strategic analysis were underrated. There is no unified theory of competition, but new approaches are developing, e,g, in industrial economics, new institutional economics and the Austrian School. But the lawmakers are often not clear about their goals and values which make them choose a particular theory. This leads to neglecting the development trends and the dynamic competition which promotes innovations in the economy.
11
Content available remote SOLVING SELECTED CIVIL RISKS THROUGH CO-OPERATION OF PRIVATE AND PUBLIC INSURANCE
75%
EN
All developed countries are facing the serious demographical and economical trends, which include critically low birth rates, increasing costs of the health care per capita and the high frequency of the natural disasters, other calamities or the terrorist attacks. The above risks are connected with the increased damage often not included in the insurance policy. It is questionable who should eventually bear such damages. The injured persons tend to expect a compensation from the insurance companies for the damage on assets or health notwithstanding the reason of the damage. These trends lead to reassessing of the current insurance systems and inventing of the new solutions. One of the possibilities is closer co-operation of a private (commercial or life) and a public insurance. The article describes the several aspects of such cooperation. At the beginning we highlighted some developments of a private and a public insurance, including the mutual elements and differences in the principles of the systems, resulting into examples of co-operation of a private and a public insurance with the respect of their specifics. The empirical findings have proved that the cooperation of a public and a private insurance can create the positive effects by the optimal combination of the instruments. One of the most noticeable effects is a competition leading to the significant improvement of the insurance services. Another positive effect is the prevention and avoidance of the excessive risks, which are managed better by the private insurance companies. The co-operation of a private and a public insurance cannot be implemented in a general way. There are selected areas where the positive effects are clear, but there are also the areas where the impacts are questionable. Both private and public insurance have boarders limiting the possibilities of their cooperation. However, such co-operation seems to be a solution for the selected problems of the current society leading to the increased safety feeling of the citizens.
EN
Traditionally the educationalist's interest in children's games seems to be instrumental, if not manipulative. Playing games children can and should learn - the socially desirable, that is. Games seem to offer themselves such exploitation. They subsist in a state of mind and convention rather then in a relation to a specific kind of objects. Any human ability can be played with as a game of skill - competing with others or with personal records. Any human ability can be personified and as a role simulated - and thus trained or at least experienced. And finally, playing games brings functional pleasure; it has its goal in itself. Lately, the educationalist's interest in children's games based rather on respect for autotelism of playing games, then on the ambition to utilize it in motivating children to do their schoolwork, seems to be asserting itself more intensively. The author considers inspirations which this interest could draw from Children's games - a book written by M. Klusak and M. Kucera, presenting and interpreting a collection of more than 1.600 exemplars of schoolchildren's games (collected in 1995 -2000, in 80 classes, from first to ninth grades). Special attention is paid to children playing with social relations - cooperation, competition, bullying.
EN
This article focuses on distribution of intra-European flows by tertiary students in 1998 - 2007. The analysis aims at geographical patterns of migration flows by countries of origin and destination. The OECD International Migration Database provides good quality data for a matrix of 20 countries of student origin and destination. The data patterns were examined via (a) correlation analysis, (b) factor analysis and (c) structural equation modelling. Major European countries (the UK, Germany and France) accounted for some two thirds for intra-European student inflows and featured major destinations in most European countries of origin. International student flows, however, also had their regional dimension. It was expressed in patterns of cultural similarity (in terms of common or similar language). The structural equation modelling suggested that factors of cultural similarity shape not only flows of trade and capital, but also flows of knowledge, represented by international cooperation in patents and education. It is argued that concept of cultural similarity depends on tacit knowledge of host country environments, where language skills play a prominent role. In summary, international flows of students follow similar underlying factors, like flows of trade and knowledge.
Studia Psychologica
|
2010
|
tom 52
|
nr 3
193-205
EN
The study is focused on cognitive representations of a hierarchical and competitive world in male and female expectations. Framed by social cognitive views of psychological interdependence (Deutsch, 1985), four measures served to assess representations of the social world: hierarchy, competition, trust in others and positive reciprocity. Target phenomena were investigated by comparisons of gender groups and in relation to gender self-concept. An analysis showed a) balanced rather than polarized expectations across all four measures of social world in both males and females; b) highly significant gender differences in the expectations of competition and positive reciprocity; c) females' expectations to be more differentiated than males' expectations; d) gender self-concept to be of marginal influence upon male and female interpersonal expectations. The findings are discussed in the context of experimental studies and non-schematic views of hierarchy and competition.
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.