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Studia Psychologica
|
2004
|
tom 46
|
nr 4
287-289
EN
Introduced is a scale for measuring self-worth and aspects of social intelligence in adolescents. Correlations show existing relations between perceived self-worth and some, but not all, aspects of social intelligence.
EN
Conceptualization and operationalization of social intelligence is related to discussions, which is connected to several areas of issues. In the article we present the results of an analysis of the extracted factor structure of the original MESI methodology which represents the psychometric approach to the investigation and measurement of social intelligence. The results of the research, which was carried out on the sample of 2135 respondents enabled to extract the structure factors of the MESI methodology (manipulation, empathy and social irritability). These factors explain 47% of variance. Other psychometric parameters of the MESI methodology, as well as the complete version of MESI methodology, are described in the article. The paper also presents a comparison of the preferences of the individual factors of social intelligence.
EN
The contents of the concepts of social and emotional intelligence are very similar. The question may arise whether they should be considered as one or two different concepts. In our contribution, using results of empirical research, we have made an analysis of the relationship between social and emotional intelligence. We have used the scale TSIS (Tromso Social Intelligence Scale) and the questionnaire ECI (The Emotional Competence Inventory). The research sample consists of the brokers from two broker companies acting in the Slovak market. The results of research are supporting similarity, but also some differences of both kinds of intelligence.(http://www.saske.sk/cas/)
EN
There are many different views of social intelligence and that is one reason for the difficulty of its explanation and research. We have selected several interpersonal situations divided into two types: 'A' respondents were active, and 'B' respondents were responding to the situation. We have designed the pen-and-pencil method to measure cognitive, emotional, and conative aspects of respondents' behavior. The research sample consisted of 103 university students. Comparing social intelligence measured through solving interpersonal situations with some of interpersonal traits, self-image, and social intelligence measured by other methods confirmed some of our hypotheses.
EN
103 undergraduate students (38 males, 65 females) aged 19-36 years filled in questionnaires of emotional intelligence and social intelligence. Emotional intelligence was measured by the 7-items Emotional Competence Scale and its subscales of Empathy and Interpersonal Skills. The Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS; Silvera, Martinussen, Dahl, 2001) was administered to assess social intelligence. The TSIS consists of 3 factors: Social Information Processing, Social Skills and Social Awareness. Both males and females reported similar scores in exhibiting emotionally intelligent behavior. Significant differences between males and females were confirmed on TSIS Social Awareness subscale scores. Empathy subscale scores significantly and positively correlated with scores of Social Information Processing subscale.
EN
The paper informs about the first results based on the SIPS questionnaire. The method comes out from the situational approach to a study of social intelligence. The research sample consisted of 103 undergraduates. Factor analysis of SIPS found out 4 factors, namely verbal communication, informing others, retaliatory tendencies and cognitive processing. The psychometric characteristics of the method are quite satisfactory.
EN
This research tested the hypothesis that there are the interconnections between the social intelligence, wisdom, values and the interpersonal personality traits. To examine this possibility, four measures were administered to 44 university students. The data obtained revealed close mutual relations between social intelligence measured by TSIS scale (social information processing, social skills and social awareness) and wisdom-related knowledge. A higher level of wisdom-related knowledge is associated with preference of such values as benevolence, universalism and conformity. This is not the case with social intelligence in which relation to the values is much more diverse. In our data, the interconnections between the interpersonal personality traits and measures of social intelligence and wisdom seem to be less straightforward. Despite this, dominance and extraversion create some kind of a 'background' to the socially intelligent behavior, while the warm relations to the people, without calculation and cold-heartedness, are more significant correlates of wisdom.
EN
The report presents the results of the verification of the original methodology MESI – Measuring Social Intelligence and its validation study. The data for verification of the factor structure of the MESI methodology were gained from 2135 respondents and the validation study with the TSIS methodology (Tromso Social Intelligence Scale) was carried out on the sample of 1130 respondents. Subsequently, the data which were based on the usage of the MESI and TSIS methodologies were analysed in relation to the selected characteristics of male and female managers. The acquired results confirm the fact that the managers evaluated themselves more positively in the factors of empathy, manipulation, social information processing, social skills and social awareness.
EN
In the last few years a handful of investigations have argued the hypothesis that in the course of adaptation to human environment (domestication), dogs were subjected to behaviour evolutionary changes. Many have assumed, that the shared adaptational demands could result in similar evolutionary changes, and therefore, behaviour analogies in man and dog. We suggest that this approach gives a new possibility to conduct comparative studies aimed to understand human behavioural mechanisms. In the framework of investigations for the evolutionary convergencies between man and dog our research team have been conducting a longitudinal case study on a single dog (Philip) with the aim of getting a more sophisticated insight into the cognitive functioning of the dog's mind. This research in social cognition is interested in how challenges of social living have formed the cognitive structures that control behaviours involved in communication, social learning and social understanding (mind-reading). The paradigmatic element of our experimental approach is that we observe and analyse Philip's behaviour in problem solving tasks embedded in everyday situations while interacting with family members. Although some of the results of this case study have been published earlier (Miklósi, Topál, 2001) here we show further details on Philip's mind-reading abilities. Our experiment was designed to study the dog's ability to recognize knowledge or ignorance in others. The procedure used here was identical to that used in an ape-study (Gomez, Teixidor, 1992) and therefore gives a possibility for the direct dog-ape comparison regarding their performance. Results show that similarly to that found in an 'encultured' orangutan, after few trials Philip was able to adjust his communicative behaviour to the state of knowledge of his human partner and performed successful cooperation in the problem solving task (getting the ball). We should note, however, that the exact mechanism of this sophisticated communicative behaviour is still not cleared up and from a mentalistic viewpoint both low- and high-level explanations (from simple associative learning to fully developed mind-reading) should be considered.
EN
The paper presents findings obtained by the use of the SIPS questionnaire (Solution of interpersonal problem-oriented situations). Methodologically, the SIPS questionnaire starts from the situational approach and from assessing the behavior. The presented analysis of the data obtained focuses on characterizing preliminary, but essential psychometric parameters of the SIPS. The research was executed on the sample of 150 respondents (54 men and 96 women), mean age 20.9 years. The factor analysis of the results enabled us to revise the original four-factor concept and confirmed the existence of the internal structure of the described forms of behavior, within the framework of which we may define two factors: socially negative solution and socially positive solution. The psychometric indicators of the SIPS, as well as the results of the validation study support the fact that we may consider it a suitable point of departure for constructing the diagnostic tool for measuring social intelligence.
EN
In the present study we analyse the degree of emotional and social intelligence of women and men. The research was carried out on the sample of 650 respondents from Prešov and Košice region. The results are dominated by an absence of significant sex differences in emotional and social intelligence. Significant correlations were also detected between the two examined constructs.
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