According to the OlE rapporteur, Dr Karim Ben Jebara, Head of the OlE Animal Health Information Department, there were no major regional or international events involving OlE listed diseases in 2009 or early 2010. A continuation of the situation with quantitative and qualitative differences was witnessed. The table for the most frequently reported diseases is presented. The next table informs about the total number of confirmed human cases and deaths caused by the avian influenza subtype H5Nl. Although it is not an OlE listed disease pandemic influenza A H1N1 (2009) has been notified to the OlE as an emerging disease. The occurrence of this infection in swine, turkeys and dogs, including countries where it occurred, is characterized. African swine fever outbreaks reported to OlE between January 2009 and March 2010 by Armenia and Russia are mentioned. The infection is present in wild boar and domestic swine. Because of its location it is endangering the swine population in Eastern and Central Europe. After a long time of not occurring, in 2009 glanders was reported from Brazil, Ethiopia, Iran, Afganistan, India, Myanmar and Mongolia. OlE recommended that given the potentially severe consequences for humans it is important to implement regular testing in the event of international movement of Equidae and conduct national surveillance. In the report sheep pox and goat pox, Rift Valley fever, West Nile fever, bovine anaplasmosis, bovine babesiosis, equine piroplasmosis, notified bee diseases, and some infections occurring in 2009 and beginning of 2010 in wildlife are also mentioned and discussed.