HNIW (2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane) is a family member of high-energy density cage nitramines which have so many versatile applications. In this paper, HNIW nanoparticles were prepared by the oil in water microemulsion route. The effects of various experimental parameters on this reaction were investigated using the Taguchi method. The effects of different variables: organic phase, water/organic phase (W1/W2), organic phase/ propanol (W3/W4) and HNIW weight percent, on the particle size of the HNIW were investigated at three distinct levels. Optimal conditions for obtaining HNIW nanoparticles were determined. Performing the process under the optimal conditions proposed by the Taguchi method leads to the production of HNIW nanoparticles with an average size of about 80 nm. The HNIW nanoparticles were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD).