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EN
The article focuses on relations between functional literacy and earnings as well as non-monetary characteristics of job quality. It provides an overview of current state of knowledge and research topics. It focuses on conceptual and methodological aspects of research concerning relations between functional literacy and job quality and informs about the available of data sources. It introduces the results of international studies proving the relation between functional literacy and job quality even if controlled for education attainment. Further it shows that the research in the Czech Republic and other CEEC countries lacks behind the English speaking countries and on the basis of international comparison it points out to some specifics of these countries which may be an object of further research.
EN
This paper contributes to research on the factors that have led to the decline of manufacturing employment in advanced economies by studying the impact of both import penetration and technological intensity on manufacturing employment between 2008 and 2018 using an extensive industry-level dataset for 28 EU countries. The findings make it clear that the growing share of Chinese imports in total extra-EU-28 imports significantly explains the declining trend in EU sectoral employment. The mentioned trend is shown to be mainly driven by the import penetration of Chinese consumer goods and less by the outsourcing of intermediate products. Yet, little evidence is found of technological intensity having a detrimental impact on sectoral employment outcomes. While the correlation between business expenditure on research and development per employee and employment growth was weakly negative, the share of information and communication technologies assets in total assets was positively correlated with both aggregate employment growth and the share of unskilled workers in the sector.
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