Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na https://bibliotekanauki.pl
Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Lata help
Autorzy help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 459

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 23 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  truth
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 23 next fast forward last
1
Content available remote Review: "Religia i prawda," by Piotr Moskal
100%
EN
The article reviews the book Religia i prawda [Religion and Truth], by Piotr Moskal.
EN
Limonov’s character adores to be different, he loves to shock people. He lives then with kind of an other life. From one side it gives to him a hallmark of singularities and uniquenesses, from other it is underlining intuitive - ness, which is such important to him as the base of knowledge and reasoning. This philosophy is meeting all requirements of Eddie’s “life philosophy”. Empirical knowledge the own soul, and also souls of other people is leading him to height of the success and the vital fulfilment in own antrophosphere, own existence, time and space. Ediczka is standing out, he is “different”. However the most important is fact, that Eddie - character is the same as Limonov - writer. The life and the existence of the character are becoming author’s being at the same time. There is no Eddie's existence without existing of his author - Limonov. Eduard Limonov antrophosphere’s multidimensionality has reflection in the Eddie’s form. Character, similarly as his author, is a writer, publicist, rebellious critic of political world’s order (especially his two “homelands” - America and the USSR). Analysing interviews with Limonov a striking similarity of both figures views is noticed. Tragedy of the man left by “mother - Russia” and thrown to “orphanage - America” is becoming from one side - more definitive, from second- highly deceptive and seeming.
EN
During the early 20th century, the linguistic turn in Western philosophy takes place. The phenomenon of language, its characteristics are explored by philosophers of that time. The article focuses on the German language philosophy of the 20th century. Martin Heidegger, whose ideas influenced a lot of thinkers, and Bernhard Welte suggested their own approaches to the issue of language in philosophy, being sure that it played a significant role in achieving the truth. The ideas of the philosophers are considered to be the crucial point of the philosophy of the 20th century, and this research is important for the understanding and purpose of modern philosophy of language as such. For this reason, a reconstructing method is helpful, by means of which the issue of the article can be profoundly studied. Martin Heidegger’s philosophy is based on his terminology that helps to perceive the depth of his thinking. Bernhard Welte elaborated upon the concept of language theory. His purpose was to reveal possible ways to a proper communication. By way of conclusion, it should be underlined that both philosophers confirm the necessity of language within relations between God and man and thus inspire new researchers. The results of this research may be applicable to courses of modern Western philosophy, discourse linguistics and scientific studies of the philosophy of language.
PL
I my work I refer to separated in literary discourse from the wide range of non-fiction literature literary witness. Both types of literature from the assumption refer to authentic events and include truthful style of perception. In my article I try to investigate weather there are any differences between the truth of literature of fact and the truth literary witness on selected texts of three authors: Chaim Grade, Józef Mackiewicz i Czesław Miłosz.I must be pointed that literary witness in the first place struggling with specifying of the inner truth of the main character, who experienced a borderline situation. Literature of fact is a transcription of a story of an eyewitness, who forwards the truth of the events.
5
Content available remote Założenia ontologiczne i epistemologiczne sceptycyzmu Montaigne’a
80%
EN
Montaigne is widely regarded as one of the most significant sceptics of the 16th century. His most important work, Essays, had a great impact on the thinkers of the 16th and 17th centuries, in particular on the philosophy of Descartes. The article presents Montaigne’s critique of senses and reason as sources of human knowledge. The elements of his scepticism that went beyond the sceptic arguments of ancient thinkers has been emphasized. The negative role of his ontological variabilism in knowing things has been underlined. As a result of the total criticism of the possibilities of human cognition made by the author of the Essays, attention has been paid to the non-sceptical type of the question posed by him: “What do I know?” (“Que sais-je?”). The answer to this question led him to fideism in cognition. At the end of the article, an attempt has been made to indicate Montaigne’s main epistemological and metaphysical assumptions that contributed to the problem of cognition. It has also been highlighted in what way the understanding of reason, method, and, above all, self became for Descartes, unlike Montaigne, the foundation of certain knowledge.
6
Content available remote Pravda a řeč
80%
EN
The article focuses on the relation between speech and truth, elaborated by Heidegger in the period of Being and Time. It argues that Heidegger’s notion of truth is a deeply linguistic one. The basic language unity is not the proposition (statement), but the situated act of speech. The author reconstructs Heidegger’s reading of the Aristotelian theory of statement as well as Heidegger’s appropriation of Husserl’s analysis of truth. The conclusion arrived at is that if speech is in early Heidegger to be true, it must be context-bound and interpretative.
EN
The review refers to the articles collected under the main title: Academic education in consideration of truth. The author in detail presents the content of each article as well as reveals her own opinions and shows inspirations comes from the texts. She underlines variety of presented viewpoints. She also highlights the rank of reflection on truth in ontological and axiological meaning for educators.
8
Content available WEWNĘTRZNA RACJONALNOŚĆ NAUK HISTORYCZNYCH
80%
Historia@Teoria
|
2017
|
tom 2
|
nr 4
95-108
EN
Th is article is an att empt to show a possible way to fi nd out, what kind of rationality characterizes history. It bases on philosophical assumption that idea of rationality is always directly connected with idea of truth. Th is connection was presented in the article as an argument for treating the notion of historical truth as the right basis for analyze rationality of history. In light of modern theory of history, historical truth can be see from angle of the notion of truth proposed by Hilary Putnam and Willard Van Orman Quine. It means that it can be understand as the internal truth: truth dependent on its context. In accordance with main assumption, this fact allows history to try to think about its own rationality in similar way: to defi ne it as internal (contextual) rationality, which accurately mirrors the individual character of historical cognition. Th e article points out theoretical problems potentially connected with above conception of rationality. Question, whether history has ability to analyze the rationality by its own instruments, was underlined as one of the most important.
EN
John Paul II in his teaching about Poland and patriotism defines Poland as a “special mother”. It is due to the fact that the Pope places Polish patriotism within the broad perspective of pondering upon human being, his/her dignity and the freedom. Pope’s encyclicals are the starting point of this conceptualization. Here the encyclical Veritatis splendor (the Splendor of Truth) by John Paul II released in 1993 deserves the special attention. Its basic thesis is : a man should base his collective life upon permanent, objective values; upon “the truth”. Modern Europe is the ethical individualism; subjectivism and relativism. It is characterized by the “crisis of the sense”. The Polish culture is expressed by the assumption of the existence of permanent values, which should be the foundation of human community. Europe needs Poland. According to John Paul II Polish patriotism is the “love” towards something that constitutes the essence of its culture, its message. And this means that it is for each of us a “special mother”. However, this message has a universal value.
EN
Physical research shows us that our world is more and more scattered. This experience of the physical dispersion or the disappearance of what seemed to be permanent is also transferred into the world of values. The hierarchy of values generally accepted in the past yields to dispersion. Sensible references to the act of creation as God’s work also disappear. Emphasis is placed on the temporal beginning of our Universe (Big Bang) and people do not think of the ontological (en arche) or theological primeval beginning. How should we to rebuild a uniting vision of the world? It seems useful to appeal to father Pavel Alexandrovich Florensky, a representative of Orthodox theology. He thought over and worked on the definition of God's Love all his life, because it is love and acceptance that people really need in a scattering world, especially the Love, which we experience in the act of creation. What was characteristic of father Pavel was his meditative view on the overall unity of what is and is cognizable in the scientific, aesthetic or moral mode. It is only in those three ways taken together that we can recognize God’s creation and His Love. He is very similar in his approach and conclusions to another theologian Hans Urs von Balthasar. They both say together that first principle in the act of creation is love and we can recognize it through the Beauty, Truth and Good in the World and people’s relations.
11
Content available Racjonalność a wiara w Boga
80%
EN
Starting with his own modification of Plato’s allegory of the cave the author explains the notion of creation, which does not mean a single initiating event but the grounding of the entire process of the world in a creative will that lies outside of this process. Faith in God is faith in a reason for the world, which is not itself groundless, as the scientific worldview holds. When we think the concept „God”, we think the unity of two predicates that are only occasionally and never necessarily bound together in our earthly experience of the world: the unity of absolute power and absolute goodness, i.e. the unity of being and meaning. After Nietzsche we can no longer rest the proofs for the existence of God on the human capacity for truth, for its foundation is sure only if we presuppose the existence of God. However, there is a grammar based proof that is Nietzscheresistant. The rationale of the futurum exactum, the future perfect tense, shows that the reality of the present entails the reality of the past. The question is: What sort of reality does the past have? The sole answer can be: We have to think of a consciousness in which everything that happens is taken up, an absolute consciousness.
12
Content available remote Proslogion 6: …sentire non nisi cognoscere aut non nisi ad cognoscendum est…
80%
EN
This paper aims to analyse and evaluate the character and role of sense perception in the works of Anselm of Canterbury written during the relatively short period of the 1070s and 1080s, namely the Monologion, the Proslogion (including the responses to the objections raised by monk Gaunilo), and De veritate. First, attention is devoted to sense perception in God – whether God possesses this kind of knowledge and whether God can be said to have sensually perceivable characteristics. The subsequent parts examine sense perception in the context of human knowledge on two levels: 1. human sensory knowledge and its role in understanding God (i.e., whether the senses are useful in any way in the struggle to find God) and 2. sensory knowledge and its truthfulness (including sensory illusions). Lastly, an attempt is made to explain why Anselm paid such little attention to sensory perception, even though it seems, according to the analysed texts, that the senses played an important and irreplaceable role in his noetic endeavour.
EN
Michael Dummett was a British philosopher who established research program – antirealism. The aim of paper a present is describe to the notion of truth in antirealism of Dummett and problems. I show the differences the notion of truth both in between truth in realism and antirealism. From the perspective of antirealism truth is recognized by the method of verification. It has the epistemic truth have epistemic character unlike truth in realism
EN
In this article we refl ect on the theoretical foundations of Jerzy Topolski’s history of historiography. In the fi rst part of the text, entitled “On truth in historiography – pragmatically and idealistically,” Maria Solarska shows the relationship between Topolski’s theory of truth and his view of the community of historians, of that community’s methodological and ethical rules. In the second part of the text, “Historiography between truth and myth,” Maciej Bugajewski raises a question about Topolski’s defi nition of the diff erence between truth and myth. In our opinion Topolski wanted to see the history of historiography as the history of truth about the past.
EN
Review of the Festival: "Normandie Impressionniste”
16
Content available Doctrina multiplex, veritas una
80%
EN
Coherent thoughts about the truth seem to be more difficult than about any other abstract concepts. According to some fundamental presuppositions, the truth should be one and in a sense unchangeable. On the other hand, even a simple observation suggests something opposite – the truth seems to be variable and relative and that is why given in some different, alternative forms. The paper deals with all the above mentioned problems and other relative ones concerning the truth. The entire discussion coincides with an ancient dictum being the title of the article
EN
I highlight the importance of the notion of falsity for a seman- tical consideration of intuitionistic logic. One can find two principal (and non-equivalent) versions of such a notion in the literature, namely, falsity as non-truth and falsity as truth of a negative proposition. I argue in favor of the first version as the genuine intuitionistic notion of falsity.
EN
This paper examines Adolf Reinach’s views about negative states of affairs. The author briefly presents the history of the issue from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. The views of Reinach and Roman Ingarden are compared. A special focus is ascribed to the problem of omissions in the legal sense. According to the author, a proper solution to the problem of negative states of affairs locates negation at the level of language, not in reality.
PL
The article attempts to contribute to the discussion on the methods used in creating the world in the media, viewed from the rhetorical perspective. Implementations of the rhetorical principle of the adaptation of the utterance to the context and the situation of the audience to which exposition is directed (cf. K. Burke’s idea of identification and the so-called “identification” principle) are followed by both linguistic structuring of the utterance and the following argumentation may effect in the media content messages that are not only different but, frequently, create opposing images of the world. How far they may differ in their message is then shown with the example of the media reception of the death and the burial of Czesław Miłosz manifested in the presentations offered by two daily newspapers: Gazeta Wyborcza and Nasz Dziennik. The excerpted source material shows how the multitude of receivers designed to be reached by different mass media communication channels and diversity in taste and expectations of audiences makes it possible for journalists to create subjective interpretations of the world. Once created and tailored to the context of the audience, they function in parallel pathways and, should a clash between them ensue, the only outcome is that their rhetorical nature gets even more accentuated. With these circumstances given, what we experience then is a situation when different truths collide, while each of them surfaces within a given context of human conversation and each is validated by its respective audience to be reached and goals to be attained.
EN
In this paper different approaches to the concept of truth are compared. Many changes in the concept of truth result in making it a zero notion. Similar processes are described in Max Müller’s conception of the genesis of religion. In this respect we sug-gest that postmodern philosophy should be treated as a new mythology.
first rewind previous Strona / 23 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.