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EN
The presented study makes a brief summary of the history of historiography of the Hungarian philosophy from the first half of the 19th century up to present days. Afterwards it deals with main tendencies of the contemporary historiography. It introduces the main results of innovations in this field as follows: the refusal of the standard narrative in the Hungarian philosophy, the reconstruction of forming canons, the reinterpretation of the function of the so called national philosophy as well as places of Erdélyi and Szontagh in it and the revelation of specific features of the so called school philosophy.
EN
The paper gives a survey of the early volumes of the journal, issued in 1889 -1906. In this journal the changes the Catholic philosophy and theology underwent due to the publication of the Papal Encyclical 'Aeterni Patris' has found their reflection. The contributions fall under several fundamental philosophical disciplines of the Neo-Scholasticism, such as epistemology, logic, metaphysics, philosophy of nature, and philosophy of religion. The paper also sheds light on the discussion, which at that time focused on the relationship between Neo-Scholasticism and positivism. The survey is given on the background of the Hungarian philosophy of that time.
EN
The paper deals with the process of marginalizing of Ján Caplovic, a Slovak Enlightenment writer and defender of the Slovak national concerns, in the Hungarian culture of the 1st half of the 19th century. It examines the so called 'Caplovic's paradoxes', with the help of which Caplovic ironized the natural right, natural philosophy, national philosophy and historiography from the perspective of the rationality of the natural sciences. The author points out to the dominating narrative of the reform period (embodied in views such as those of G. Szontagh), which excluded Caplovic's interpretation of the problems concerned. This process took place on the background of so called 'philosophy of harmony' with its pretension to play the role of the national philosophy.
EN
The paper offers a description of the philosophical systems of two Neothomists of the late 19th century: Lajos Franciscy and Ede Mihalovics, drawing on their contributions published in the journal 'Bolcseleti Folyoirat'. Prevailing in Franciscy are ethical and psychological works, while Mihalovics focused mainly on epistemology and the relationships between philosophy and theology. The texts presented are the evidence of their belonging to the 2nd and 3rd lines of Neothomist authors of that time in Hungary.
EN
The paper deals with the structure of curriculum of the philosophy at Royal Academy in Presburg at the turn of the 20th century. It presents the philosophical systems of three professors of the Academy, who were important representatives of the Hungarian philosophy of that time: the positivism of Imre Pauer, an original philosophical system of Akos Pauler and the conception of 'Geistesgeschichte' of Gyula Kornis.
EN
The article sheds light on the reception of Hegel’s philosophy in Hungarian and Slovak philosophical thought of the 19th century. It tries to answer the question: Why the canonizations of Hegel in these two philosophical milieus differ? The canonization itself is rendered as a process and result of controversial coaction of subversive doings of the respective national subjects as well as the protecting interventions of political power. Two arguments, which have as yet been omitted, are offered in support of this thesis: (1) reception of Hegel in the Monarchy, i.e. also in Hungary, has been in the 19th century strongly determined by the established cultural and teaching politics, which (especially in the second half of the 19th century) preferred Herbart’s philosophy rejecting at the same time Hegel’s ideas. (2) Hegel’s system became in Hungarian as well as in Slovak philosophy closely connected with the respective conceptions of national philosophy. It was the character of these national philosophies that influenced the reception of other ideas including those of Hegel.
EN
The paper describes that period of the Hungarian philosophy, in which it became professionalized, namely the Kant argument, which was the first step the Hungarian philosophy took towards its being public. The question has to be answered whether Kant's thought could become a part of it. Due to the political developments as well as the pressure of the church the turn of the century witnessed the shift from epistemology to the issues of moral philosophy and theology. Thus the conditions for the reception of Kantianism and post-Kantian philosophy in the 19th century have been created. The fundaments for the development of axiology were laid as well. The paper covers the main phases of the debate with their leading representatives.
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