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EN
Father Stanisław Kozierowki (1874–1949) – a Forerunner of the Onomastic Research on Western SlavsFather Stanisław Kozierowski was one of the outstanding Polish researchers of Slavic onomastics in the first half of the twentieth century. He published numerous works on, often already forgotten, names of villages, lakes, rivers and marshes, particularly in the region of Greater Poland and the area historically inhabited by Slavic peoples, stretching as far as the river Elbe. His studies were part of the research stream described as “Western thought” (myśl zachodnia, followed at the University of Poznań after the First World War), a dispute with German scholars pursued with the aim of proving Poland’s right to the territories on the Baltic Sea which had been historically populated by West Slavic tribes. After the Second World War, Kozierowski contributed to setting Polish names of villages and railways stations in the so-called Recovered Territories. Ksiądz Stanisław Kozierowski (1874–1949) – prekursor badań onomastycznych Zachodniej SłowiańszczyznyKsiądz Stanisław Kozierowski był jednym z wybitnych polskich badaczy onomastyki słowiańskiej pierwszej połowy XX wieku. Opublikował liczne prace, w których przypomniał dawne, często już zapomniane nazwy miejscowości, jezior, rzek i bagien, zwłaszcza z terenu Wielkopolski oraz terenów zamieszkałych niegdyś przez ludność słowiańską do rzeki Łaby. Jego badania naukowe były częścią prowadzonych na Uniwersytecie Poznańskim w okresie międzywojennym badań określanych jako „myśl zachodnia”. Stanowiły one polemikę z badaczami niemieckimi i miały wykazać prawa Polski do ziem leżących nad Bałtykiem, zamieszkałych niegdyś przez plemiona zachodniosłowiańskie. Po II wojnie światowej ksiądz Stanisław Kozierowski przyczynił się do ustalenia polskich nazw miejscowości i stacji kolejowych na tzw. Ziemiach Odzyskanych.
EN
The paper discusses secondary recreational uses of abandoned slate quaries, dumps and mines in the area of Nízký Jeseník (Czech Republic) focusing on campers and tramps, who colonized this area since the second half of the 1940s. A paralel between such an adaptation of former industrial places and natural succession is presented. An area of Koňský důl (Horse quarry) is used as an example of such a site where mining history, recreational usage, new local names and continuous adaptation of space led to an establishment of a distinctive, well-known place that can still be classified as a brownfield but where its new roles are much more prominent. Local contemporary legends are also mentioned, including a character called Honnbesch, a malicious former German farmer hiding in the underground.
PL
Autorzy poruszają problematykę zmian w lokalnej przestrzeni toponimicznej Śląska w XX wieku. Analizowano przemiany i zanikanie nazw lokalnych na przykładzie dwóch miejscowości: dolnośląskiego Chełmska Śląskiego i górnośląskich Racławiczek, na tle procesów historyczno-politycznych i społeczno-kulturowych regionu, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem zróżnicowania krajobrazowego i społecznego miejscowości.
EN
Toponomastic research is rarely conducted by geographers. Such research is however essential at the time when many local names are disappearing, because they contain often underrated and unused information about human relations with the environment. They tell how Man cultivated the Land, how he dominated the landscape and described his daily environment. Thus local names can add to the research of XXth century geography, history, culture, society and economy. Two locations were selected for the research, Chełmsko Śląskie in the Lower Silesia and Racławiczki in the Upper Silesia. They differ in many respects. Differences in spatial, functional, economic and social characteristics and different history made it possible to account for factors which could have affected the state and changes in local toponymy. Due to the lack of source data about local names, field research turned out to be necessary. 47 interviews were conducted (30 in Chełmsko Śląskie and 17 in Racławiczki), with respondents chosen with the method of purposive sampling. As a result a set of 150 local names (40 in Chełmsko Śląskie and over 100 in Racławiczki) was assembled, which in most regards can be treated as complete. The article discusses changes in local toponymy, accounting for historie, landscape and social condi-tions. It points out variety of toponymic spaces which can overlap or exist separately and independently, sometimes at the same location. Analyzed local names carry various funetions. Most important funetions are: descriptive, sociological, factographic. It seems that in most cases local names serve as 'geographic markers'. Most intensiveness unanimously agree that perspectives of development of toponyms are not optimistic. Therefore it is even more important to preserve or at least archive local names.
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Content available remote Název místní části : příspěvek k toponomastické terminologii
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EN
The article strives to reflect the toponomastic term „název místní části“ (minor settlement name). In scholarly toponomastic works, this term is currently used in a meaning different from the definition given in a work dealing with Slavonic onomastics (1973): minor settlement within a village can refer both to built-up and vacant areas in the village, to objects standing autonomously as well as inside the built-up area. The term minor settlement („místní část“) is not event included in a current law on villages - therefore a question arises, whether this term should be replaced by another one and newly defined as well.
5
Content available remote Obraz anoikonymie v katastru obce Tchořovice a jeho historické proměny
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EN
This diploma thesis extends the bachelor thesis research that analysed selected anoikonyms which were used by the locals since the oldest times until the beginning of the 19th century. The goal of this thesis is to revise and complete the set of anoikonyms included in the bachelor thesis and compare it to younger evidence. By collecting the data and its formal and semantic analysis the thesis aims to present a relatively complete picture of anoikonyms of the area of interest while respecting its historical development.
EN
Ninety four local names from Warmia and Mazury are described in this article. All of them were created with use of animal names. They were created throughout the ages by Old Prussians, Germans and Poles who lived in the region. The names have been divided into three groups. The first one contains lost names, used during the interwar period. The second group contains names used during the interwar period and accounted for during terrain exploration in the end of the 20th century and in the beginning of the 21st century. The third group contains names used by the people who migrated to the region after the year 1945, not accounted for before that time. On the basis of the used names it can be said that the region was inhabited by forest animals such as: beavers, badgers, wild boars, deer, hedgehogs, moles, foxes, moose, mice, bears, lynxes, aurochs, wolves, hares and domesticated animals such as: bulls, mares, horses, cats, goats, cows, sheep, pigs and oxen. The Old Prussian names account for aurochs and foxes. German and Polish names used after the year 1945 account for: foxes, badgers, wolves, bears, deer, beaver, cats, goats, oxen, hares and cows, horses, sheep and pigs. Microtoponyms used nowadays contain animal motives such as: beaver, badger, bull, wild boar, deer, hedgehog, mare, horse, cat, goat, cow, fox, moose, mouse. All analyzed names are the testimony of the past language and culture of the inhabitants of the region. They are the evidence of the bond formed by the man and environment.
7
Content available remote Současný stav a lidová etymologie pomístních jmen na Židlochovicku
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EN
This essay summarises my thesis of the same name (Faculty of Education, Masaryk University, Brno 2015, 122 p.). The diploma work analyses contemporary repertoire of anoikonyms in the Židlochovice region, including their popular etymologies. The studied material was obtained by field research. The collected anoikonyms were sorted according to individual cadastral areas, number of words and actual named object. The findings were generalised in the model and structural analyses. It was found out that the familiarity and use of anoikonyms is decreasing, especially among the younger generation. The collected names mostly reflect the character of the terrain of the examined area and in many cases are influenced by German. The thesis is available at the internet address: .
EN
The article presents an interesting example of interferences of the dialect and onymic corpuses of the Czech language. The anoikonym Mlčí huba used in the village of Rácov near Jihlava has its official counterpart Mučí huba used in maps. These names are irregular, impossible to decline as the front element of the collocation is taken as verbal („mouth shuts up“, „mouth tortures“). A historic map shows the inscription made in 1835 by a German typist reading MocziHuba. It leads us to the appellative and later a nickname and a surname m/Močihuba „heavy drinker“, recorded since the 15th century, but no more used in Czech dialects. Loss of awareness of original motivation after the appellative disappeared has led to deformation of the original name and to creation of a new, false motivation. The proper name Močihuba also vanished, only a rare occurrence of its descendant Močub(a) in the Czech area has been recorded. Together with the variant Moczygemba in south Poland, it shows the rests of a former larger area of this name’s occurrence.
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