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This article takes up the issue of deteriorating standards in scholarly and teaching work as prevailing in the present-day university, or academic milieu. The topic is analysed against the background of the transformations taking place in Polish tertiary schooling - commencing with the adoption of the Tertiary Education Act (Ustawa o szkolnictwie wyzszym) dated 12th September 1990, as an important caesura separating the era of what was the 'People's Republic of Poland' and the time of an emerging Third Republic.The rapid transition, also observable in the tertiary education sphere, had to exert, and has indeed exerted, a destructive impact on the standards governing the university life, in its various aspects (a trend which has coexisted with threads of positive influence). These various aspects encompass academic promotions, teaching standards, impacts exerted by masters modelling their students' and young university teachers' personalities, or, good customs and habits in university life. The author has pointed out to several sources of the disturbing phenomenon in question. No deeply thought-over scientific and educational policies of the State, along with the imperfect legislation which is full of gaps, and, scarce funds being chronically offered to both spheres, are among the main, albeit external, sources of the milieu's observable irregularities. No uniform law on science and tertiary education has as yet been enacted in Poland to regulate the operation of the sphere of sciences (the latter being created in three sectors: tertiary schools - both public and non-public, Polish Academy of Sciences institutes, and research and development units). The author also enumerates the disturbing phenomenon's internal sources. Those relate to: (a) progressing depreciation of educating standards; (b) abuses (such as frauds or plagiarisms) committed by researchers in the area of science; (c) attempts made by certain PhD holders to qualify themselves as an assistant professor in the former USSR countries (basing on the so-called Prague Convention which remained valid in Poland until 2004). As to the latter case, the degrees obtained in certain sociological/humanities disciplines, such as e.g. pedagogics or psychology, represented a standard clearly lower than that offered in Poland, the promotion procedure itself being much facilitated; (d) scholars having their works published in local journals or collections, thus avoiding an opportunity to submit themselves to a severer scientific criticism; (e) too-easy conditions of getting promoted as a scientist, particularly to a PhD degree; (f) retarding scientists' promotions, due to a too-high average age at which one can be promoted to become a doctor, assistant professor or professor; (g) the context of teaching being separated from the one of making scientific research.
Filozofia (Philosophy)
tom 77
nr 8
641 – 654
The paper explores Kierkegaardʼs involvement in politics. The Danish thinker offers a very peculiar and sophisticated path to Christianity for individuals. For him, ethical and religious, especially Christian strivings of an individual, is of utmost importance. Politics, on the other hand, should remain a limited domain of finite problems and practical solutions. Kierkegaard finally suggested radical institutional changes against mésalliance of the state and the church that should have opened the way for a free choice of Christian faith as a commitment. The overall spectrum of Kierkegaardʼs suggestions and virtues does not shape a coherent policy agenda, nevertheless the author offers beneficial incentives to politicians and politics. Kierkegaard's original thinking, his artistic, intellectual, and spiritual legacy, despite its shortcomings, radiates a powerful appeal and shows rather an indirect political impact.
The characteristics of Hungarian scholarships have changed in the past nearly twenty years. Besides the national initiatives, there are foreign and overseas scholarships for which there has been an increasing demand and need. The initiatives are excellent, but all this would only fulfil its role in perfectly, if the principle of their social utility would be effective as well. The national educational system makes it necessary to get experience from abroad, to learn the different professional competences as the tendencies in and outside Europe are also essential criteria in the reconsideration of the education system.
On the occasion of the centenary of the birth of Mexican poet Octavio Paz, this contribution focuses on his essay “The labyrinth of solitude”. Through the analysis of dialectic conceptualization of solitude, it briefly interprets the main characteristics of Paz ś poetic, scholarly and human formation. The key towards revealing the cultural identity of the Mexican nation is the search for a mythical hero, which enables us to analyse various aspects of life in Mexico with the aim of psychoanalytic recovery of its hidden aspects, ultimately valid for the human existence as such. This requires a necessary focus on tradition, the past of the nation, thanks to which it is possible to critically evaluate the present and continue to unveil its ageless spiritual – religious principles. The accompanying phenomenon is the presence of the researcher, whose vision of the world is based on the respect for its mysterious, rational and incomprehensible essence. From this emerges Paz´s critique of contemporary neutralizing approaches to the object of study, denying the possibility of spiritual passion or a full symbiosis of the scholarly and artistic creative knowledge.
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