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1
Content available remote Transport lotniczy świata w 2005 r.
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Omówienie raportu Organizacji Międzynarodowego Lotnictwa Cywilnego ICAO za 2005 r. Udział regionów świata w regularnych przewozach pasażerów, pracy przewozowej (pkm i tkm) oraz w wykonanych rejsach. Rozkładowe przewozy międzynarodowe. Ranking krajów według pracy przewozowej. Wyniki linii lotniczych w 2005 r. Ranking regionów świata. Wyniki finansowe transportu lotniczego. Podsumowanie.
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Discussion of the International Civil Aviation Organization report for 2005 year. The contribution of the world's regions in regular passenger services, transport work, also in the flights executions. International distribution carriages. Classification of countries according to transport work. Proposals of airlines in 2005 year. Classification of world's regions. Financial results of the air transport. Summary.
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The paper presents the analysis of the influence mass events (such as EURO 2008) has on number of passengers and freight. The main objective of the paper is to present in what way mass events preparation influences the number of passengers handled at big airport (Zurich) and at small local airport (Basel). Road transport will be subject to similar analysis.
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Content available remote Transport lotniczy na świecie w 2003 roku
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Transport lotniczy w świetle raportów i sprawozdań ICAO i innych organizacji międzynarodowych za 2003 r. Przewozy pasażerów i towarów z podziałem na regiony swiata, kraje i linie lotnicze. Skromne miejsce Polski w rankingach świata.
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Air transport as presented in the ICAO and other international organizations' reports of 2003. Passenger and freight transport from the regional and national angle as well as from the point of view of particular airlines. Poland's modest position in the world ranking.
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In recent years, the aviation sector has been developing dynamically. The constant increase in the number of passengers contributes to an escalation in the number of air operations. This trend is mainly due to the increased traffic not only in airspace but also within airports. The large concentration of aircraft at the largest airports makes ground-flying phases such as taxiing or take-off becoming a challenge for pilots, ground services, and air traffic controllers. An intensive operation of many objects on the airport's manoeuvring areas can lead to collisions between them. Global air traffic is growing constantly, with record numbers of air operations and passengers carried. The probability of a collision increases, which leads not only to the cancellation of the flight but also to the significant costs of the aircrafts repair. The statistical analysis allows to highlight the problems related to the issue of ground collisions at airports and can also confirm the thesis concerning the growth and density of air traffic.
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Civil aviation, similar to other economy sectors, is exposed to cyber-attacks. In this case however, the protection against cybersecurity threats is gaining particular significance, as the industry relies heavily on the use of information systems (information and communication systems with electronic data processed in such systems). The systems are exposed to incidents. Incidents in civil aviation are events occurring in cyberspace which affect, or might potentially affect, the security of aircraft. The issue of cybersecurity in civil aviation is discussed in the context of legal regulations that are in force in Poland and Slovakia. Individual solutions aimed at ensuring the cybersecurity of air transport were analysed.
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Among the most important problems faced by the air transport today there can be mentioned some negative influences of aircraft and airports on the environment and the increasing costs of air transport. One of the possibilities to improve the situation is to work out innovative solutions aimed at decreasing of the aircraft pollution and improving the transport effectiveness. Among the most innovative ideas is the use of magnetic levitation to aid the take-off and landing of the transport aircraft. The use of the aiding system will bring a lot of benefits, however, regarding its innovative character and the problems connected with it, the idea can have been realized in a couple of years or even decades. The aim of this work was to carry out the analysis of the change to the required thrust of the transport aircraft in the take-off, landing and cruise using the system of magnetic levitation. Magnetic levitation or magnetic suspension is a method by which a body floats due to a special quality of magnets. The generated electromagnetic force is used to balance the weight of the object. The current work describes the ways of determining the weights of the main systems of the aircraft with classical construction solutions where the weight of the whole aircraft is estimated on the basis of the statistical methods. It allows determining the weights of all main systems of the aircraft and verifying the results using the known examples. Thanks to this approach, it could be possible to determine the modified aircraft weight more thoroughly, adding the changes in weights of the modified systems.
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Content available remote Rynek samolotów komunikacyjnych świata w 2005 roku
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Udział Boeinga i Airbusa w dostawach dużych samolotów komunikacyjnych w latach 1999-2005: przełamanie przez Airbusa dominacji Boeinga i osiągnięcie pozycji lidera. Dostawy i zamówienia samolotów regionalnych w latach 2004-2005. Programy budowy samolotów komunikacji regionalnej na Ukrainie, w Rosji i Chinach. Podsumowanie.
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A share of Boeing and Airbus in the supply of large communication aircrafts in the years 1999-2005: Suppression by the Airbus Boeing domination and achievement of the leader position. Supplies and orders of regional airplanes in the years 2004-2005. Programmes of regional communication airplanes construction in Ukraine, Russia and China. Summary.
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The role of air transport in logistics and supply chains seems difficult to be overestimated. In recent years increasing amounts of cargo have been transported by air. Numerous high-tech devices, valuable equipment, medical products and appliances are transported by air. The main advantage of air transport is speed but also broad transportation geography, high reliability and security of goods supplies and continuous monitoring of cargo flows. Air transport can be organized in a traditional way, however there are also some unconventional methods to handle such transport processes. The RFS model (Road Feeder Service) comes as a response to the demands of the contemporary market of logistics services. Scopes: The subject of the paper is the presentation of an unconventional way of organizing the carriage of goods by air, presenting its attractiveness to all parties involved in the transportation process, as well as directions of its development. Methodology: The methodology of the paper is based on 2 dimensions: analysis and synthesis. The first phase included a thorough thematic literature review, analysis of case studies of Polish air cargo market. It was complemented by interviewing airlines representatives about RFS solutions. In the synthetic phase, the study provided conclusions based on the theoretical analysis and the survey of case study. Results: Results of the research shows RFS solution, involving transportation of cargo (commissioned by airlines) by trucks from regional airports to major cargo airports, referred to as hubs, and then transportation of cargo by air, using is caused by the necessity of increasing cargo transport efficiency by the airlines. It is also important to note the willingness of airports, both hubs and regional, to cooperate with air carriers in the area of air cargo handling in RFS model.
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Air transport plays a major role in the development of world economic activity and remains one of the fastest growing sectors of the international economy. One of the key elements that contribute to the maintenance of civil aviation development is to secure safe, efficient and environmentally sustainable means of transport, at the global, local and regional level. At airports communication air operations take place at intervals of tens of seconds to several minutes. A very important operation that the aircraft has to perform before coming to a safe standstill is take off. One of the most important operation is take off the aircraft. Security is an integral factor in determining the movement of the aircraft. The paper contains identification and analysis take off aircraft operations. The paper presents an analysis of the take-off operations including the rejected take-off. It is used in the analysis of the operation-taking place at the aerodrome of computer tools and methods. The result is the mathematical models form the basis for computer simulation. The aim of the article is modelling of the various stages of launch operations and identify basic models of these steps based on the parameters recorded by the flight data recorder aircraft. Constructed models imitating actual aircraft operations in the vicinity of the airport, will could be used in the practice of aviation.
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Dyrektywy i rozporządzenia unijne dotyczące bezpieczeństwa transportu lotniczego przyjęte w ostatnim dziesięcioleciu. Nowe projekty i zamierzenia Komisji Europejskiej w tej dziedzinie. Rozszerzenie misji i kompetencji EASA. Droga do pełnej realizacji Jednolitego Nieba nad Europą.
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The Union decrees and directives relating the safety of air transport accepted in last decade. The new projects and intention of European Commission in this field. The extension of the mission and competence of EASA. The way to complete the realization of Unitary Sky over Europe.
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Content available remote Flota linii lotniczych
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Liczebność i struktura rodzajowa floty powietrznej świata. Charakterystyka najpopularniejszych typów samolotów. Ranking linii lotniczych według liczby posiadanych samolotów. Ranking producentów według liczby samolotów w eksploatacji. Samoloty pasażerskie i transportowe - dane techniczno-lotnicze. Ceny. Prognozy rynkowe.
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The number and type structure of the world aerial fleet. Profile of the most popular types of airplanes. The ranking of airlines according to the number of possessed airplanes. The manufacturers ranking according to number of airplanes in exploitation. Passenger and forwarding airplanes - technical-air information. Prices. Market forecast.
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Content available remote Transport lotniczy
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Tendencje rozwoju transportu lotniczego w Europie i Polsce. Transport lotniczy a zrównoważony rozwój. Przewidywane kierunki rozwoju polskiego rynku lotniczego. Proponowane zmiany w systemie zarządzania infrastrukturą i w sferze regulacji. Tani przewoźnicy i perspektywy portów regionalnych. Potrzeby i dylematy infrastrukturalne. Źródła finansowania inwestycji.
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The tendencies of development of the air - transport in Europe and Poland. Air transport against sustainable development. Foreseen directions of Polish air market development. Proposed changes in management system of the infrastructure and in sphere of control. Cheap carriers and perspective of regional airports. Necessities and dilemmas apply to infrastructure. Source of financing investments.
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Content available remote Ekologiczne wyzwania a warunki funkcjonowania transportu lotniczego
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Działania podejmowane w celu redukcji negatywnego oddziaływania transportu lotniczego na środowisko naturalne. Regulacje międzynarodowe. Działania organizacji lotniczych i podmiotów gospodarczych tego sektora. Miejsce transportu lotniczego w gospodarce. Kontrowersje wokół włączenia lotnictwa cywilnego do europejskiego systemu handlu emisjami (ETS).
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The actions undertaken on purpose of reduction of the negative impact of the air transport on the natural environment. The international law. The activities of the aviation organization as well as the business based operators of this sector. The place of the air transaport in the economy. Controversies over the civil aviation inclusion into the European emissions. trade system (ETS).
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W artykule dokonano analizy funkcjonowania rynku przewozów niskokosztowych, przedstawiono główne instrumenty (czynniki) osiągnięcia przewagi konkurencyjnej na rynku przewozów lotniczych, a następnie wskazano główne kierunki i perspektywy rozwoju rynku przewozów niskokosztowych.
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This article analyzes the market of low-cost market. The paper presents the main instruments (factors) to achieve competitive advantage in the air transport market. Presents the main trends and prospects for low-cost market.
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Content available remote Transport lotniczy w 2010 roku
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Lotnictwo komunikacyjne to najnowocześniejsza i najszybciej rozwijająca się dziedzina transportu, ale wymaga dużych nakładów kapitałowych i wysoko wykwalifikowanego personelu. Bezpieczeństwo lotów, które jest głównym warunkiem dalszego jego rozwoju, wymaga stałej modernizacji floty oraz rozbudowy naziemnych systemów nawigacyjnych i wyposażenia lotnisk. Na świecie działalność przewozową wykonuje półtora tysiąca linii lotniczych, z tego około tysiąca realizuje loty w ruchu rozkładowym. Szacuje się, że w każdej chwili w powietrzu znajduje się około 10 tys. samolotów komunikacyjnych.
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The article contains summary of information on air transport in 2010. World air transport as shown in the yearly ICAO report. Ranking of world regions in cargo and passenger transport. Ranking of the world largest airlines. Financial results of world airlines. Polish air transport in 2010. Air carriers operating on the Polish market.
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Content available remote Przewozy lotnicze 2005
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Certyfikaty i koncesje niezbędne do prowadzenia w Polsce działalności gospodarczej w zakresie zarobkowych przewozów lotniczych. Lista 19 firm, które uzyskały takie uprawnienia. Wyniki przewozowe i flota PLL LOT, EuroLot, Centralwings, Fischer Air Polska i innych polskich przewoźników. Przewozy pasażerów i ładunków w latach 2000-2005. Konkurencja między przewoźnikami niskokosztowymi i tradycyjnymi.
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The indispensable certificates and licenses to run in Poland the economic activity in range of paid air transport. The list of 19 companies which got such authorizations. Transports - results and PLL FLIGHT fleet, EuroLot, Centralwings, Fischer Air Poland and different Polish carriers. Passenger and cargo services in years 2000-2005. Competition between low-cost and traditional carriers.
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Podejmowane przez UE działania mające na celu ograniczenie hałasu emitowanego przez samoloty. Procedury przyjęte w dyrektywach unijnych oraz w prawie polskim.
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The activities undertaken by the European Union intending to limit the niveau of noise emission by the aircrafts. Procedures accepted in the European Union Directives as well as in the Polish law.
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Content available remote Partner strategiczny w procesie prywatyzacji PLL LOT S.A.
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Dotychczasowy przebieg przygotowań LOT-u do prywatyzacji. Wybór doradcy inwestycyjnego. Przesłanki przemawiające za przyspieszeniem prywatyzacji. Rokowania z potencjalnymi inwestorami w sprawie zakupu akcji PLL LOT S.A. Wybór partnera strategicznego. Porównanie potencjalnych partnerów i aliansów strategicznych. Szanse i zagrożenia LOT-u we współpracy ze Swissairem i grupą "Qualiflyer".
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Europe is one of the densely populated continents on Earth. A characteristic feature of the European air transport service market is co-existence of several and large communication centres performing trans-continental links and dense net of local links between the majority of small cities and tourist resorts. Europe is an exceptional area with unique properties favouring regional development of the air transport system of light amphibian aircraft with the use of small and medium airports and natural water landings. Europe has a huge partly unused potential of airports and landing grounds, which can be the basis for creating a competitive travel offer around Europe by light passenger amphibian aircrafts. They can use less busy airports and adjusted and re-qualified landing grounds as well as natural landing fields on water. The potential places for take-off and landing operations are port pools located on the coast of the sea, lake or big rivers. Operators and entrepreneurs interested in starting new seaplane businesses report about missing modern airplanes. The aim of the paper is to conduct comparative analysis of the characteristics of selected types of light amphibian aircrafts (existed and modified presently used land-based planes), helped to identify best fitted seaplane to estimated range of operation.
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The aim of this article is to describe simulation results of a bird strike with a helicopter windshield. The simulation was performed based on LS-DYNA software by means of the SPH and Lagrangian methods. For the sake of the analysis, we selected a light helicopter, which is not covered by any certification requirements with regard to the windshield. The simulations were conducted for various bird shapes (sphere, cylinder, cylinder with hemispherical endings) for the cruising speed of Vc = 285 km/h. As a result of the simulations, we achieved comparative analyses of the methods at stake in the aspect of time curves of the kinetic energy, velocity and windshield deformation. The findings are depicted graphically and are presented in the form of charts. The deformations that were obtained as a result of the conducted tests may be referred to the data included in the AAIB report, which described the case of damaging the Agusta A-109C helicopter due to a collision with a seagull at the speed of approximately 278 km/h. The deformations obtained through numerical simulation do not make an accurate representation of this type of damage as in the case of a real one. Nevertheless, they reveal its character. While examining the test simulations from the quantity viewpoint, it is possible to observe slight discrepancies related to the applied approaches of bird modelling. In case of the kinetic energy, the slight discrepancies in the initial moment stem from rounding the mass of a single particle of the model, by means of the SPH method. The velocity curves of the accepted centre of the bird model vary considerably, depending upon its shape, which is linked with the deformation manner of the particular models.
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