Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na https://bibliotekanauki.pl
Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Lata help
Autorzy help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 305

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 16 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  autonomy
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 16 next fast forward last
1
Content available Current Issues in Teacher Autonomy
100%
EN
This paper provides a review of a selection of the literature in the field of English foreign language teaching related to teacher autonomy. The focus is on the core themes recurring in the literature, which comprise: rationale for teacher autonomy, definitions of the concept, descriptions of an autonomous teacher, recognition of the constraints on autonomy and suggestions for teacher education promoting teacher autonomy.
2
Content available Sumienie i autonomia
80%
EN
In this article I claim that the idea of autonomy of conscience cannot be used as a plausible basis for ethics.
3
Content available remote Modern Forms of Surveillance and Control
80%
EN
In todays advanced society, there is rising concern for data privacy and the diminution thereof on the internet. I argue from the position that for one to enjoy privacy, one must be able to effectively exercise autonomous action. I offer in this paper a survey of the many ways in which persons autonomy is severely limited due to a variety of privacy invasions that come not only through the use of modern technological apparatuses, but as well simply by existing in an advanced technological society. I conclude that regarding the majority of persons whose privacy is violated, such a violations are actually initiated and upheld by the users of modern technology themselves, and that ultimately, most disruptions of privacy that occur are self-levied.
4
Content available SAMORZĄD LOKALNY W LIECHTENSTEINIE
80%
EN
Article 1 of the Constitution of Liechtenstein mentioned 2 regions Oberland (Upper Country) and Unterland (Lower Country) and 11 municipalities. They play an important constitutional role in the Principality. The municipalities exercise considerable autonomy, encompasses responsibility such as the election of the municipal organs (the highest organ is the Municipal Assem-bly), organization, the determination of municipal taxes and the granting of citizenship. Financial management and municipal accounts are subject to supervision by the Government
5
Content available University autonomy; the core of academic culture
80%
PL
Academic culture is a set of rules (norms and values) regulating the institution of the university. The central component of academic culture is autonomy both in the sense of independence from external interference and the capacity to decide on research, teaching and organization of the university. Autonomy is endangered by the interference in academic culture of other cultural complexes characteristic for modern society: corporate culture, business culture, bureaucratic culture, financial culture, consumer culture. The resulting cultural clash is the reason for current crisis of the university. The defense of autonomy is the ethical and professional duty of scholars.
PL
Language use that results from communicative language competence is not only about proper production and reception of various texts. It is also reflected in interactions and mediations between people. Hence, ensuring balanced and continuous development of communicative competence during foreign language classes, as well as identification of additional forms of improving it (which also affects the development of learner autonomy) are challenges for teachers of foreign languages. One of the ways that can help to achieve these goals is the use of ICT in teaching. The article presents the results of a study conducted among foreign-language teachers working in Krakow universities. The goal of the study was to determine whether and, if so, what actions that include the use of ICT teachers take to support the autonomy of learners, and, as a result, to increase the communicative language competence of their students. The results of the study are a contribution to the analysis of the system of foreign language teaching in higher education institutions in the constantly evolving technological reality.
EN
This paper studies the transactional distance between the students and the tutor as well as the autonomy of students in a postgraduate course of the Hellenic Open University (HOU). The aim of the paper is to examine how the relation between autonomy and transactional distance evolves during an academic year and how this relation is affected by demographic parameters, such as gender, age group and student experience (year of studies). For this purpose an empirical research was conducted and a sample of postgraduate students responded to a questionnaire (which included a scale for transactional distance, a scale for autonomy and demographic questions) during two different time periods within an academic (2012-2013). The results of the statistical analysis showed that during the evolution of the learning process there was a small change in transactional distance, especially for the dimension of co-understanding, while there was also a change in one of the dimensions of autonomy, namely sensitivity to others. However, no relation was observed between transactional distance and autonomy, ether in the first or the second measurement during the academic year. This finding is also regarded in the overall framework of the different critiques and interpretations of Moore’s theory.
8
Content available “Autonomisation” of security and defence systems
80%
EN
Development of systems with an evolving level of autonomy is among the most controversial and yet promising aspects of military forces’ modernisation. The application of quasi- artificial intelligence in combat machines opens a new uncharted area of possibilities. In essence, these modifications aim to reduce the extent of human interference in the functioning of unmanned systems virtually to none. The potential risks are explored in dangerous scenarios, which consider that apart from off ering far-reaching advantages of using platforms with autonomic capabilities, they can be used against humanity. These scenarios assume a pivotal role in forecasting possible directions for development of the armed forces. This paper attempts to determine the essence of combat systems autonomy while focusing on a few of the most sensitive issues. For a transparent and credible debate on combat systems autonomy, it is adviseable that no ambiguity is present in terminological, ethical, legal and technological complexities, whose misinterpretation may become a source of unnecessary understatements or even lead to distortion of the debate.
XX
The problem of the representation of women in the social world and historical studies is a crucial theme of the text. It draws attention to the issues of their presence in the public sphere and the search for self-representation. The fundamental problem of historical cognition – building a dialogue between the reality and its narrative presentation or image – creates a context for these considerations.
EN
The purpose of this text is to reflect on the process of building individual identity in the culture of education. The adopted perspective is based primarily on the concepts of culture and the place of the subject in it, derived from the thought of Richard Rorty and Harold Bloom. This perspective affords a look at the process of building an individual in a mature way, devoid of naivety but also revealing the hardships and aporias accompanying this process. Education can be the primary way through which man tries to get along with the world. The condition for the fortunate effect of these struggles is building a culture that is democratic, or in Rorty’s words poetic.
PL
The aim of this paper is to highlight specific features related to the performance of public duties by local self-governments, focusing on their autonomy. Hence, it is essential that the conceptual boundaries of such notions as ‘public duties’ and duties associated with ‘public services’ are established at the outset. The current lack of clarity contributes to the complexity of the issue, and this is further complicated by a lack of clear legal regulations which would explicitly define the acceptable way in which public duties assigned to local self-governments are to be implemented. These issues suffice to explain the choice of the topic tackled in this study. Admittedly, it will not provide answers to all the problems associated with the public utility services which fall within the scope of the public duties discharged by particular local self-government units: gmina (municipality/commune), powiat (county), or województwo (voivodeship). However, it may form the basis for further research to be conducted in this field. Therefore, within the framework of this paper, issues related to local self-governments, their autonomy, and the concepts of ‘public duties’ and ‘duties in the field of public utility’ will be discussed. These issues are important, as they are inextricable from the decentralization of public authority, which consists in assigning numerous public duties to be fulfilled by local self-governments.
PL
The author of the paper tries to show that general pedagogy has its philosophical distinction, e.g., comparing to philosophy of education. Johann Friedrich Herbart’s essay On the Dark Side of Pedagogy is an important point of reference in the analysis. Starting from the essay, the author justifies the necessity of an approach to general pedagogy with its most important goal, i.e., defining the basic pedagogical thought. The thought is “basic” as it combines theoretical and practical knowledge on education and has to be defined over and over again, and not because without it education cannot be imagined. The history of philosophy is full of evidence that education can be “deduced” even from the theories that have nothing in common with education.
EN
This article presents alternative way of distance measurement to the preceding vehicle. Investigations were conducted for the purpose of assessing the possibility of using automatic determination of a car plate size in a photograph picture, and basing on that com-puting range to a vehicle. The first part describes the research methodology relating to angular measurements made with a still camera, The second part includes the method employed to automatically detect area occupied by a registration plate in a picture of a vehicle. The final part contains the mechanism of calculating distance to a car and the results of the investigation which justify using described method as a tool for range measurement.
PL
W artykule przedstawiono alternatywny sposób pozyskiwania odległości do poprzedzającego pojazdu. Przeprowadzono badania mające na celu ocenę możliwości automatycznego wyznaczania rozmiaru rejestracji samochodowej na zdjęciu fotograficznym i na tej podstawie pomiaru odległości do pojazdu. W pierwszej części opisano metodę badań związaną z oceną dokładnościową pomiarów kąta i wyznaczania odległości wykonanych aparatem fotograficznym. W części drugiej przedstawiono sposób automatycznej detekcji obszarów zajmowanych przez rejestrację samochodową na zdjęciu pojazdu. Ostatnia cześć zawiera zasadę wyznaczania odległości do pojazdu oraz wyniki pomiarów z przeprowadzonych badań, potwierdzających zasadność stosowania opracowanego sposobu jako narzędzia do pomiarów odległości na podstawie elementów poddawanych automatycznej teledetekcji.
EN
A new system of school evaluation was implemented in Poland in 2009. It consists of two elements: self-evaluation (conducted by teams of teachers) and external evaluation (conducted by inspectors trained in evaluation). This way of evaluation reflects not only autonomous and engaged evaluation but also dissociated and unbiased external evaluation. Its final product – a report written by a team of inspectors – is a mixture of voices and interests analysed through several standards imposed by the state. On the theoretical level we treat the school inspections system in a way similar to Harold Garfinkel’s famous analysis of hospital documentation as a consequence of negotiation between a patient and a hospital (2007). We had to understand above all the discursive level of the text to be able to highlight different layers of this re-interpreted auto-interpretation, in particular a differentiation of voices of diverse, and often conflicted groups (teachers, students and their parents and establishing entities). Then we paid attention to the future. For the future it is possible to consider three different scenarios (based on multidimensional analysis) that can be described through the metaphors of guard, guide and partner. We then tested these three models using data gathered in the external evaluation and post-evaluation.
EN
The article presents the results of two experimental studies in which I investigated the effect of the situational context (autonomy-supportive vs. external control) and action vs. state orientation on perseverance and efficacy in task performance. The results of Study 1 (n = 40) confirmed that in a context which supports autonomy - as opposed to one which induces external control - people are much more likely to be not only more persistent and effective in their actions but also much more interested in the performed task. Interest in the performed task seems to also be - to some extent- a mediator in the relationship between persistence and efficacy. The results of Study 2 (n = 69) confirmed that a context, which supports autonomy positively, affects both persistence and efficacy. At the same time, the study shows that in a context, which supports autonomy, action-oriented people are more persistent and efficient in their actions than are state-oriented people. What is more, in an autonomy-supporting context, action-oriented people have a more positive attitude towards a given task than do state-oriented people.
EN
Unmanned Aircraft Systems are continuously delivering new and enhanced battlefi eld capabilities to the military sphere. While the demand for unmanned systems remains at a relatively high level, it is expected that a number of operational and technological factors will further influence unmanned program development in the nearest future. The purpose of this paper is to articulate a vision for the continued development of unmanned systems technology across military applications. This article establishes a technological and an operational vision for the next 25 years and outlines actions and technologies for military experts and industry to pursue to efficiently align with this vision.
EN
Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore nursing students’ perceptions of autonomy. Material and Methods: 11 participants were interviewed twice at the beginning and the end of a Diploma/BSc Nursing course designed for graduates coming to study nursing. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used for data collection and analysis. Results: Three major themes were indentified and are discussed in context of the existing literature. The respondents tended to focus on their transition from student to becoming professional nurse. Conclusion: Educators must aim to provide a safe learning environment which is satisfying, promotes autonomous functioning and encourages self governance and personal development for students, as only then will nursing become truly autonomous profession.
18
80%
EN
For over twenty years in Silesia the propaganda and organizational campaigns under the banner of autonomy have been intensified. Admittedly, the influences of such organizations as the Silesian Autonomy Movement (Ruch Autonomii Śląska) or Association of People of the Silesian Nationality (Związek Ludności Narodowości Śląskiej) are small, but the idea of the autonomy of Silesia wins more and more followers. The increasing number of participants of various campaigns, public gatherings, marches organized by these associations have all proved it. The leader of the Silesian Autonomy Movement (Ruch Autonomii Śląska) puts a strategy into action entitled “Autonomy 2020” which, among other things, strives to create League of Regions in Poland organizing in Poznan in 2012 a conference for the followers of autonomy, and a demonstration - the March of Regions - in Warsaw in 2015. Then, their referendum campaigns will start. They are supposed to focus on both constitutional amendments and coming into effect of the Organic Silesian Province Status in 2020 which will define the principles of autonomy.
PL
podstawowe znaczenia: (1) prawo pewnej zbiorowości, zwykle obywateli kraju do samorządności, (2) konstrukt osobisty dotyczący sprawowania kontroli nad własnym życiem. Wielu ludzi zakłada, że obecność niepełnosprawności intelektualnej wyklucza możliwość bycia osobą samostanowiącą. 130 Agnieszka Żyta Artykuł przedstawia wybrane perspektywy badawcze dotyczące samostanowienia osób z niepełnosprawnością intelektualną: psychoedukacyjną, ekologiczną i socjopolityczną. Opisuje czynniki intrapersonalne i środowiskowe wpływające na samostanowienie oraz kierunki zmian w perspektywie psychoedukacyjnej i socjopolitycznej, a także w podejściach do samostanowienia we współczesnej Polsce.
EN
Self-determination can be understood in many ways. As a construct, it has two basic meanings: (1) the rights of a collective group, usually citizens of a country, to self-governance, and (2) a personal construct referring to having control over one’s life. Many people assume that the presence of an intellectual disability precludes a person from becoming self-determined. The article presents some research perspectives connected with the self-determination of people with intellectual disabilities, i.e. the psycho-educational, ecological and sociopolitical perspectives. It describes intrapersonal and environmental factors contributing to self-determination as well as the trends of changes in the psycho-educational and sociopolitical perspectives and in attitudes to self-determination in contemporary Poland.
20
Content available Ruch Autonomii Śląska
80%
EN
The author of the article concentrates on Silesian regionalists, primarily on the Silesian Autonomy Movement, its social activity as well as political, cultural, and social perception of this activity. Silesian regionalism was a considerable surprise for many Poles. For some of them, the postulates proposed by the Movement seem not only unprecedented in the history of Poland but also threatening the territorial integrity of the country. Public discussions about the Movement are dominated by emotions, not factual arguments, and lack scientific view on the matter. The article aims at filling at least a part of this gap.
first rewind previous Strona / 16 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.