Research conducted to date has evidenced the importance of single resources for adaptation to illness. The aim of the presented study was to take into account many resources so as to determine their structure and the way of utilization in various patient groups. The Resourcefulness for Recovery Inventory (Celinski, Antoniazzi, 2001) measuring 18 personal and social resources was used for this purpose. Participants in the study were 115 patients (68 men, 47 women) suffering from cardiovascular or rheumatoid diseases, or from cancer. The patients were found to utilize cognitive, emotional and behavioral resources, as well as social support in their adaptation to illness. The highest level of resource utilization was found in the cardiac group, and the lowest - in cancer patients.