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Content available remote Pancreatogastrostomy After Pancreatoduodenectomy
Pancreatoduodenectomy has almost a hundred years of history. After resection, the pancreatic stump requires an anastomosis with the digestive tract. There is ongoing discussion about the optimal standard of digestive tract reconstruction. Two major groups of pancreatic anastomosis are used: pancreatogastrostomy and pancreatojejunostomy, but after some randomized and several other documented series there is no agreement on the superiority one over another method.The important feature related to pancreatic anastomosis' complication rate is the number of procedures performed each year in a facility.This manuscript summarizes the experience of the Gdansk Surgical Department with pancreatogastrostomy.
Content available remote Surgical Treatment of Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Pancreas
Management of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the pancreas causes considerable controversy because rarity of this neoplasm.The aim of the study was to present our results of treatment of patients with NETs and to sum up our experience in surgical management.Material and methods. Thirty four patients with neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas were treated in Department of General, Endocrine and Transplant Surgery of Medical University in Gdańsk (24 inulinomas and 10 nonfunctioning neuroendocrine tumors). Insulinoma was present in the head of the pancreas in 3 cases, in the body in 8 cases, and 10 patients had lesion situated within the tail.Results. Localization of the tumor in patients with organic hyperinsulinism was possible in 21 out of 24 operated patients (17 patients with use of preoperative imaging studies, 4 patients with Intraoperative ultrasonography). In 3 remaining patients the localization of the pathologic mass was impossible with use of pre- and intraoperative techniques.Conclusions. Treatment of choice of patients with neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas is surgery. Management of patients with islet cells adenomatosis is still difficult clinical problem.
Liver is common place where the cancer occurs primary as well as secondary. Liver resection as a potentially healing method can be performed only in about 20% of patients. Prognosis in group of patients treated non-invasively is bad. Using high frequency thermal ablation which damages the neoplastic tissue in liver may lead to prolongation of life expectancy.The aim of the study was to assess the early results of using the high frequency thermal ablation in patients with primary or secondary cancer.Material and methods. During years of 2001-2007 371 patients underwent the 520 procedures of percutaneous RF thermal ablation under US control. Mean age of patients was 62.47 (19-85 ± 11.63). 175 women and 196 men were treated using this method.Results. There were 10 early complications after thermal ablation (1.92% of procedures, 2.7% of patients). Two of them ended fatal (0.38% of procedures, 0.54% of patients). In seven cases absces formation were observed, one of them was the cause of death due to Clostridium perfingens infection. Cholerrhagia from damaged bile duct in cirrhotic liver caused the peritonitis and subsequent death of patient. Two patients suffered from sub-capsular hematoma of liver. 14 patients also suffered from long lasting pain (more than 14 days).Conclusions. Percutaneous thermal ablation in primary or secondary liver tumors is safe and efficient procedure. Long term follow up will give the knowledge about the real value of the procedure.
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