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Content available remote Postoperative meningitis due to a rare pathogen; Alcaligenes xylosoxidans
Alcaligenes xylosoxidans is non-fermenting gram-negative bacilli found in soil and water. It is an aerobic bacterium in the genus Achromobacter. This bacterium is motile, oxidase positive, and catalase positive, which is isolated uncommonly from clinical specimens. In the present paper, we report a case of meningitis associated with A. xylosoxidans in a 38-year-old male patient post neurosurgery.
Content available remote A triad of endocarditis, endophthalmitis, and meningitis
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an uncommon cause of infective endocarditis; it often requires prolonged antibacterial treatment and involves a high mortality rate. We report a rare case of pneumococcal endocarditis manifesting with unusual complications - meningitis and endophthalmitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae species grew from the cerebrospinal fluid. The diagnosis of native aortic valve infective endocarditis was confirmed after some delay by transesophageal echocardiography. The patient’s eye was lost because of infective complications, but his life was saved following an aggressive antibacterial therapy in combination with an immediate aortic valve replacement.
Content available remote Enteroviral meningitis in children in Turkey
In the indexed medical literature, there have been a very limited number of studies to investigate the epidemiologic and clinical features of enteroviral meningitis in Turkey. The aim of the present retrospective study is to update the actual situation to recognize the spectrum and magnitude of this important clinical entity. Between June 1999 and December 2004, 612 cases of aseptic meningitis were followed up at our hospital. Enteroviral meningitis was defined by isolation of enteroviruses from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and/or stool samples. Mumps virus was detected in 310 cases (50.7%) and enteroviruses were the etiologic agents in 104 (17%) of the patients with aseptic meningitis. Most of the enteroviral meningitis cases (36 cases, 34.6%) were diagnosed in August and 70 (67.3%) of them were male. The mean age was 5.6 ± 3.4 years. The most common initial symptoms were fever (81.7%), vomiting (77.9%) and headache (57.7%). In the physical examination, 46.2% of the cases had neck stiffness and 38.5% had pharyngitis. Echovirus 30 was the most frequently (38 cases, 36.5%) isolated enterovirus with peaks in 1999, 2002 and 2004. The other frequently isolated enteroviruses were Coxsackie virus type B (17 cases, 16.3%), echovirus 6 (11 cases, 10.6%), echovirus 11 (6 cases, 5.8%), and echovirus 13 (4 cases, 3.8 %). Mean hospitalization time was 6.2 ± 2.4 days. All patients recovered without any sequelae. Enteroviruses have an important role in childhood aseptic meningitis cases in Turkey too, and the predominant serotypes vary according to years.
We report the case of an eighteen-month-old child who suffered a tympanic membrane perforation caused by a digital thermometer. This injury led to a CSF leak. The patient was followed conservatively with no surgical intervention or prophylactic antibiotic therapy and developed pneumococcal meningitis 7 days later. He was then treated with Ceftriaxone for 12 days with full recovery, from a short and long term perspective. Issues concerning the management of CSF leak will be discussed along with review of the literature. This is the first report of post-traumatic meningitis as a result of mild trauma not involving maxillofacial or basilar fractures. The aim of our report is to raise awareness to this cause of meningitis and to stress the importance of immunizing against Streptococcal pneumoniae, a measure which may have prevented the sequelae in our case.
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