Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 8

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
w słowach kluczowych:  REGIONAL DIFFERENTIATION
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
The main aim of the paper is to map regional employment differentiation in Slovak Republic according to the high-tech and low-tech manufacturing sectors. To achieve this aim the authors worked with recent statistical regional data. They concentrated on a question if there exists a substantial relation between the location of the high-tech manufacturing and the employment growth in the selected regions. According to their survey, the high-tech sector did not prove a very strong impact on the total employment. However, considering the changing structure of manufacturing in the future it will represent one of the most decisive issues of the competitive growth.
Industry used to be the decisive branch of Slovakia's national economy until 1989. The aim of the article is to point to regional aspects of de-industrialising process in Slovakia by means of calculation of size of industrial centres (industrial centres represent the basic units of industrial regionalisation) and their share in regional employment for two time horizons. Comparison of regional differences of industrial employment in the pre-transition and post-transition periods shows a persisting spatial inertia in the distribution of industry. In spite of uniqueness of some impacts of transition process on the life of society, two basic spatial dichotomies survive in the regional structure of industry in Slovakia: west - east and core - periphery.
The degree and factors of the salary differentiation in the regions of Ukraine has been analyzed and the ways of its adjusting have been offered.
In previous studies on market transition in post-communist societies the link was missing between macro-level regional differences and individuals' incomes. This analysis, based on the Polish national sample from 2006, is aimed at casting light on regional variation in the influence of education on income levels. Building a conceptual framework based on the theory of human capital rhe authors investigate to what extent pay-offs for human capital differ across administrative districts in Poland. By incorporating contextual characteristics, they examine how micro- and macro-level factors shape labour market outcomes. Their finding provides support for the hypothesis that there is much regional variation in the returns to education, which suggests that there are better and worse places for the development of meritocratic distribution of incomes. It appears that education pays more in more economically developed regions, marked with higher rate of occupational activity. It leads to the conclusion that, on the one hand, such places create higher motivation to reward individuals according to human capital in more efficiently operating markets. On the other hand, in more developed regions there is a higher competition for wages and jobs, employers have higher demands - which encourage and enforce the rules of rewarding individuals by merits.
The basic aim of the study is the analysis of the changes in the territorial structure of farms and the use of lands in Poland within the range of provinces in the years 2002-2010. In order to realize the established goal, the results of the Agricultural Census conducted in 2010 were used. From the conducted studies it results, that in the years 2002-2010 in Poland there occurred essential changes in the territorial structure of farms, in total 655 thousand (22,3%) of farms disappeared. The number of farms up to 30 acreage was subject to decrease. The increase of farms occurred only in the territorial groups above 30 acreage of arable land. The changes in the structure of the use of land are coincident with the changes in the territorial structure of farms. There occurred a very considerable loss of land used by the smallest farms. The increase of the use of land occurred only at farms bigger than 30 acreage of arable land. . In 2010 only 4% of farms of the area over 30 acreage used almost 39% of land resources, while only 0,44% of farms over 100 acreage has been using about 23% of arable land. Ali the time the so-far existing spatial distribution of farms has been preserved, as far as territorial structure of farms and the use of land is concerned. In the northern, western and central-western Poland there prevail bigger farms that have been using more than 50% of land. On the other hand, in the southern and south-eastern Poland, the share of small farms using most of the lands is bigger.
Dynamics of modern social and economic development of Russia is investigated. It is established that, despite influence of world financial crisis, the strong differentiation in development as regions, and federal districts as a whole remains. It is established that change of territorial proportions in favour of in the lead regions in many respects has grown out of a rise in prices for a mineral-source of raw materials, first of all, on oil and the gas, incomes defining growth in regions. Formation of two basic centres of economic growth – in Uralsk and Central federal districts in which advantage there is a manufacture and population redistribution became result of such development.
It seems that in Poland, compared to other countries, the generał attitude towards cheating is more liberał. School dishonesty, as proved by this and previous research, is common. At the same time the territorial differentiation of the average school test scores is counterintuitive, considering what is known about dif- ferences in regional development in Poland. This leads to the hypothesis that the level of the educational dishonesty in Poland may be regionally differentiated, and that the test scores may be significantly affected by regionally differentiated cheating. A quasi-experimental analysis shows that dishonesty in Polish schools does take place even during standardized tests, but that it is not really regionally diversified. There is, how- ever, some evidence that cheating is much more frequent in rural environments and in smali cities than in more urbanized areas. This suggests that some of the interregional variation in education outcomes may be related to educational dishonesty as long as the regions differ in level of urbanization. Nonetheless, dishon¬esty should not be considered as a crucial determinant of regional distribution of test scores.
The publication's objective is presentation of the interregional differentiation among the Polish voivodeships. On the basis of the statistical measures applied - mainly, coefficient of variation and the median - the author attempts to present the regional differentiation of the Polish voivodeships and to evaluate which voivodeships manage to improve their competitive position and which ones face its deterioration. However, the changes in the statistical indicators are not sizeable, which on one hand attests to the durability of the said differences, while at the same time calls for cautious formulation of decisive opinions about the effectiveness of regional development policy. Simultaneously, the author points out that the period 2000 - 2004 has resulted in significant deterioration of the Polish regions; competitiveness vis-á-vis many EU regions.
first rewind previous Strona / 1 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.