An article covers the specifics of professional training of future geographers for field researches in period of the XIX – beginning of the XX century. It is detected that this period is characterized by rapid development of geographical science and education, followed by foundation of several higher educational institutions, opening of geographical departments and further improvement of field researches with the participation of students. The place of geographical discipline in education plans of the main high schools in the country is defined. The specifics of organization of practice related to nature observation is considered. It is found out that during the XIX – beginning of the XX century the scientific work of students have been implemented by performing independent exploratory researches, participation in joint scientific expeditions with teachers and in scientific sections. It is established that the increase of natural scientists’ activity since the mid-50s of the XIX century was due primarily to the inclusion of natural sciences in the program cycle. And at the end of the XIX century teaching geography to students was already systematic. The negative trends in geography teaching related to usage of lectures mainly, which are not very deep and instructive, and missing interaction between knowledge and practice are emphasized. It is detected that the development of geographical disciplines are inseparably linked to the activities of scientific and nature-study organizations of that period. An important part in nature research of different regions played Russian Geographical Society which employees in fact have founded regional statistical-geographical and local researches, set up criteria of its program support. It is defined that foundation of scientific societies has become one of the special organization form of scientific researches, and namely society of naturalists. This has caused the development and formation of geography and nature study. It is determined that teaching stuff started actively involving and encouraging students in research activities. The viewpoints of natural scientists are analyzed, namely about study status, the importance of foundation of geographical departments, organization and involvement of field researches into education plans of high schools. It is found out that active development of higher school in the preparation of subject teachers had a positive impact on the process of theoretical justification and methodological improvement of teaching of natural sciences, as well as organizing and conducting field researches.