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1
Content available remote Physico-chemical properties of Chitosan films
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EN
Chitosan films obtained by dry phase inversion were prepared from an aqueous solution of chitosan in acetic acid. The films, of thickness less than 20 μm, were transparent, very flexible and had smooth surfaces. Increasing the film thickness induced an increase of the internal tensions and the consequent formation of a rough surface. Structural investigations by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform IR analysis, showed that the chitosan films, as prepared, are amorphous. Further annealing to evaporate acetic acid and water traces, changed the amorphous phase into a more ordered phase, characterized by diffraction peaks at 2θ values of 9, 17, 20 and 23 degrees. Thermal investigations by TG, DTG, and DTA revealed that the decomposition of the chitosan films as prepared proceeds in two stages, starting from 180°C and 540°C.
2
Content available remote The effect of aluminium additive on the electrical properties of ZnO varistors
100%
EN
Reliable and undisturbed operation of electric and electronic circuits is mainly achieved through the use of appropriate overload protection elements such as overvoltage surge arrestors. The stability of metal oxide varistors which are used insures that the circuits are adequately protected. The point of adding the varistor material with aluminium is the extension of the nonlinearity of I-V characteristic in high current region. In this work, both the aluminium doping for ZnO varistors, and the effect of this doping on the ageing processes in varistors were investigated. The current trend towards the production of better and more robust surge arrestors which utilize mainly ZnO varistors motivated these studies. The fundamental technological impediments include the repeatability of manufactured varistors and their susceptibility to ageing factors such as current shocks, elevated operation temperature and the extended effect of the operation potential. Improving the varistor imperviousness to ageing continues to be an imperative but, as yet, unsolved problem.
EN
Reliable and undisturbed operation of electric and electronic circuits is mainly achieved through the use of appropriate overload protection elements such as overvoltage surge arrestors. The stability of the metal oxide varistors which are used insures that the circuits are adequately protected. The point of adding the varistor material with aluminium is the extension of the I_V characteristic's nonlinearity in high-current region [1]. In this work, both the viability of aluminum doping for ZnO varistors, and the effect of this doping on the ageing processes in varistors were investigated. The current trend is towards the production of better and more robust surge arrestors which utilize mainly ZnO varistors, and it was this trend which motivated these studies. The fundamental technological impediments include the repeatability of manufactured varistors and their susceptibility to ageing factors, such as current shocks, elevated operation temperature and the extended effect of the operation potential. Improving the varistors' imperviousness to ageing continues to be an imperative but, as yet, unsolved problem.
4
Content available remote Interaction of fibrinogen with nanosilica
84%
EN
Interaction of human plasma fibrinogen (HPF) with fumed nanosilica A-300 in a phosphate buffer solution (PBS) was studied using 1H NMR spectroscopy with layer-by-layer freezing-out of bulk and interfacial water in the temperature range of 210–273 K, TSDC (90 T FTIR, and UV spectroscopy methods. An increase in concentration of HPF in the PBS leads to a decrease in amounts of structured water (frozen at T FTIR and UV spectra show that the HPF adsorption on silica leads to structural changes of the protein molecules. These changes and formation of hybrid HPF/A-300 aggregates can increase the rate of clotting that is of importance on nanosilica application as a component of tourniquet preparations. [...]
EN
Structural characteristics of synthesized ordered mesoporous silicas MCM-41, MCM-48 and SBA-15 were studied using XRD, nitrogen adsorption and FTIR methods. Pure water and mixtures with water/benzene and water/chloroform-d adsorbed onto silicas were studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy with layer-by-layer freezing-out of bulk and interfacial liquids. Concentrated aqueous suspensions of MCM-48 and SBA-15 were studied by thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC) method. Benzene and chloroform-d can displace a portion of water to broad pores from the pore walls and from narrower pores, especially in the case of a large excess of an organic solvent. This process is accompanied by diminution of both interaction energy of water with an adsorbent surface and freezing temperature depression of adsorbed water. The effect of nonpolar benzene on pore water is much stronger than that of weakly polar chloroform-d. Modifications of the Gibbs-Thomson relation to describe the freezing point depression of mixtures of immiscible liquids confined in pores allow us to determine distribution functions of sizes of structures with unfrozen pore water and benzene. [...]
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