This article features an analysis of the heath status of persons aged 15 and over in Poland during the period of economic and social transformation. The significance of economic factors, as well as social and family roles receives a special focus. Data from the Health Status Survey, carried out by the Central Statistical Office in 1996, formed the database for analyses.The results obtained by use of logistic regressions revealed a close correlation of economic conditions and performed social roles with self-assessed health, occurrence of indicators of emotional discomfort, and incidence of long-standing diseases. The results obtained were age and sex-specific. It was found that a difficult financial situation in a given household magnified the risk of low health rates in both males and females. Marital status and presence of children in a family appeared to be of some significance but only explained differences in health status among women. Yet, the results obtained did not confirm the protective role of married life to the health of females in Poland; in fact, a reverse correlation was observed. An occupational position had bigger effect than the family situation on the self-assessed health status among men.Impact of the financial status and family situation on the health of household members is of a multidimensional nature and necessitates further research.