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Compared with the monometallic palladium, bimetallic Pd-Au/SiO2 catalysts show much higher activity and better stability in the reaction of hydrodechlorination of tetrachloromethane, also providing higher selectivity to longer than methane hydrocarbon products. Reasonably mixed Pd-Au particles show better catalytic performance during ~60 h operation, whereas the monometallic palladium and very rich in palladium catalysts suffer rapid deactivation. Smaller amounts of carbon- and chlorine-containing deposits found after reaction on Pd-Au catalysts correspond to their superior catalytic behavior.
Two silica-supported palladium based catalysts characterized by overall metal loadings 10 wt.%, and atomic Pd : Ag ratios of 100 : 0 and 70 : 30, were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation, subjected to reduction in hydrogen and characterized by XRD. It was found that incipient wetness co-impregnation of silica resulted in the formation of a catalyst characterized by relatively small metal crystallites (~11 nm) and significant extent of Pd-Ag alloying. The catalytic performance was investigated in the hydrodechlorination of tetrachloromethane in the gas phase. Silver addition to palladium in the co-impregnated catalysts had very pronounced effect, vastly decreasing the overall activity (conversion) and also the selectivity towards hydrocarbons, propensity characteristic for the monometallic palladium catalysts working in CCl4 hydrodechlorination carried out in the gas phase. Instead, large amounts of C2HxCly dimeric products were formed. These dimers are considered as possible coke precursors. Post-reaction samples of both catalysts contained large amount of carbon which entered the Pd and Pd-Ag phases. This carbon can be easily removed by treatment with hydrogen at 450ºC.
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