Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na https://bibliotekanauki.pl
Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Lata help
Autorzy help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 108

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 6 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  antiquity
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 6 next fast forward last
EN
The films with actors about the adventures of Asterix and Obelix are an important part of the contemporary popular culture. The plot of these film is located in antiquity therefore ancient motives are common in them. It is very important to check if these motives are showed in the way which is consistent with historical truth. And it is very important to know how big their influence on popular perception on antiquity is. This article is a first step to answer these questions. It shows that some motives are showed correctly but some are presented incorrectly. It suggests also that some people may see druids through the prism of these films.
EN
Undoubtedly, one of the greatest achievements of antiquity in the Mediterranean basin is the origin and development of the city in a very broad sense; not only as the functional human settlement, but also the idea that found its place in philosophy. This article is a synthetic discussion of ancient Mediterranean urban planning in terms of its search of the ideal form of the city. Already in Mesopotamia and Egypt in the 4th - 3rd millennium BC they began to "experiment" with the layout of a functional and convenient city for its residents. However, only in the Greek and then Roman world did the ideal form find its full realization. It was then that the most representative examples of the ideal city were created.
EN
Tadeusz Zieliński was an outstanding scholar specialising in Greek and Roman literature as well as an accomplished orator, though nowadays he is not always appreciated. The best example of his vast knowledge and oratorical talent is undoubtedly the cycle of eight lectures on the broadly conceived Antiquity. In those lectures, Zieliński discussed the ancient world in terms of scientific research, its influence on modern culture and its role in educating the young generation. In order to ensure the effectiveness of his message, he first had to win favour with the audience. His prestige in the scientific community greatly facilitated it, while the numerous rhetorical and linguistic devices he used guaranteed that his persuasive message brought the expected results. Coherent and logical composition, clear and vivid language, topoi, expressions and phrases aimed at reducing the distance between the sender and the receiver, adjusting the style to the audience, numerous examples, references to authoritative figures, among other things, played a vital role here. Such devices were as important as the contents of the text itself as they ensured the effectiveness of the communication.
5
Content available remote Polityka poetycka Giambattisty Vica
88%
XX
The article presents a part of Vico’s New Sience that is not so well known, but probably was a solid foundation of Vico’s famous concept of ricorsi. The thinker’s interest in poetical foundation of first societies is in a clear opposition with Cartesian and contractualist’s visions of philosophy and politics dominant in his time. The article shows how Vico’s connection to the renaissance tradition of poetical language gave him tools to explore the antiquity in a fruitfull way for philosophical and historical purposes. Nevertheless, it is partially also the tradition of Heidegger and Foucault, which makes Vico even more interesting to a contemporary reader. The article presents the poetical foundation of politics in concrete steps present in New Sience: the moment of foundation, religion of the first community, its language, morality, social structure, change, etc. It also explains epistemological means of human’s becoming historical and political: ingegno, metaphor, myth, universals, dictionary of humanity, Eternal Ideal History. As to be complete, it deals with the issue so vividly discussed during medieval and renaissance times, that is of Homer, evidencing the pride of scientists. This all brings to the attention of a reader a totally original vision of the beginnings of zoon politicon that was and is in the first instance animal symbolicum.
6
Content available remote Poetika druhého básnického období Jiřího Karáska ze Lvovic
88%
EN
The article considers works from Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic’s second period of writing verse – namely the collections Endymion (1909) and Ostrov vyhnanců (Isle of the Banished, 1912). It aims primarily to describe his style in this period and compare it with his style from the previous one. In his second period, Karásek (1871–1951) turned completely away from the verse libre that had been typical of his first period and his style became fully harmonized. The harmonizing tendency influenced his return to the brilliantly conceived sonnet, which predominated mainly in Endymion. In this period his style also shifted to the use of stylization approaches. His poems from the first period considered the theme of the “unknown brothers,” kindred spirits of the persona, of a being proclaiming the same ideals as he did. In the second period these persona were made strikingly concrete by means of poems stylized as the characters’ own utterances. In these utterances, moreover, a relationship began, nearly of self-identification (or self-stylization), with an unspecified lyrical subject. These new poems are distinguished chiefly by a clear dramatic quality and are reminiscent of monologues for the stage. An important shift took place in his echoes of Antiquity. Whereas in his first period everyday life in Antiquity predominated in a chronotopical stylization, in Karásek’s second period Classical mythology predominates. A shift also took place in his general perception of historical periods. Compared to his earlier adoration of historical chronotopes, his work in this period (particularly in Ostrov vyhnanců) expresses a striking antagonism between the individual and the milieu. Apart from this complex description the article also concentrates on several topics stemming directly from the shifts in Karásek’s style, which took place in the second period. It presents a broad picture of the motif of the androgyne in his work, and suggests several analogies between his style and androgyny. It describes in detail two of Karásek’s central conceptions of Classical Antiquity – everyday Antiquity and mythological Antiquity – and compares them. Since the influence of Jaroslav Vrchlický (1853–1912) is often emphasized in assessments of Karásek’s second period as a poet, the article also compares the styles of the two writers, pointing out certain similarities and differences.
EN
The paper presents remarks made after reading the book of the Italian commer- cial law scholar, Marco Cian. His work considers ancient commercial statutes as prototypes of commercial law as such. Contrarily, the traditional doctrine recognizes the beginning of commercial law merely in medieval times. It is hard to find in antiquity the concept of commercial law similar to the modern one as a separate branch of private law. However, the chieftains of small Hebrew tribes or Pharaohs wanted to affect somehow the production or trade with their laws. Marco Cian concentrates on ancient Egypt, Mesopotamian codes, and Hebrew law. His last chapter is dedicated to Greek laws. It is seriously disappointing that the book omits issues connected with Roman law. Despite the fact that Roman legal experience is especially productive and instructive in that aspect and included in the title literally, the author decided that it has already been studied well enough by scholars.
EN
The article discusses the philosophical syncretism of the Renaissance time period in a lesser known sixteenth century text of Jan Grotowski Ai.e. Socrates, Diogenes and Themistocles. The description of the interlocutors refers both to their antique and Renaissance descriptions. In addition, the issue of nobleness that comes from birth and the one that comes from living a good life is discussed. The notion of virtue as it was presented in Grotowski’s work is outlined, as well as the relations between the body, soul and the spirit included in it that influence the interpretation of the notion “nobleness”.
PL
Vogt-Spira Gregor, Latin: Back to the Future? Some Reflections on Latin and Literacy in the Digital Age (Łacina: powrót do przyszłości? Kilka refleksji nad łaciną i kwestiami literackimi w epoce digitalizacji).This paper argues that Latin meets the challenges of this day and age so that its preservation actually has a well-founded place within European countries and societies. The argumentation starts by the observation that Latin gathers a number of additional values as an alterity training, a cognitive training, a linguistic training or a socially integrative effect, values, which are remarkably not bound to a specific culture. Above all, digitization and the modern cybernetic world is seen as a central challenge, digitization with its enormous quantitative increase in reading and writing activity also transforms the user profile in a way that complements it, a factor to which educational institutions have yet to come up with a conclusive response. Referring to this development, Latin has the particular significance of imparting the standards of an elaborate written form into the composition and decoding of texts. Furthermore, Latinity itself is considered to be one of the key factors that have shaped modern-day Europe, and the later Latin-language literature is seen to be a comprehensive component of each country’s respective national literature and culture. To conclude, the ancient European custom is brought into focus that, practically, antiquity serves as a vehicle for legitimizing modernization.
EN
The article discusses the life as well as academic and teaching work of Alexandr Martinovich Pridik, professor of Old Greek literature at the University of Warsaw. The author used previously unpublished archival material as well as writings of the academician. A.M. Pridik was in fact the only Professor of the University of Warsaw (later the Donskoy University) who succeeded in fleeing Bolshevik Russian and later continued his scholarly and teaching activities in Estonia, which by then had gained independence.
EN
By the 12th century, northern territories were fairly well known in practice, but there was an urgent need to explain the state of this region in written form. In most national narratives, there is an evident tendency to emphasise the similarity of local history with a more significant and more authoritative (Roman or sacred) history (Mortensen 2005). This paper deals with a very specific geographical image-“Europe, or Eneá”-that appears on two “textual maps” by an Icelandic historian of the 13th century, Snorri Sturluson, in his Edda, an Icelandic ars poetica (c. 1220), and in his large compendium of the kings' sagas entitled Heimskringla (c. 1230). The author demonstrates that the toponym Eneá, going back to the ancient hero Aeneas, was formed by Snorri himself as a result of his immersion in the local Icelandic culture and literature, where the Troy story had, by that time, occupied a significant place.
Organon
|
2019
|
tom 51
23-43
EN
A real fascination with Greece arose in Germany at the end of the 18th century with the works of Winckelmann, the founder of scientific archeology. The subject of this text is the German nostalgia for Greece which developed at that time in the circle of the first romanticists and among the thinkers of German idealism. The emphasis will be put on three of the most important figures of German poetry and philosophy of this period: Schiller, Hegel and Hölderlin. But it will be shown that it is only with Hölderlin that for this idealized image of Greece a new image of Greece as profoundly divided between Occident and Orient was substituted.
EN
This study examines the concepts of rhetoric used in ancient times, using a process of research based upon “Interpretivist research Philosophy”. Common thinking among rhetoricians and philosophers in general argues that one concept of rhetoric was utilized. this paper argues that there were at least three concepts of rhetoric known in Antiquity. each was unique in its own right and contributed to what was to be a new body of knowledge. research conclusions stem from a study of the works of ancient authors, including Plato and Aristotle, and from schools of philosophies, including the writings of Stoics and Sophists. the reviewed literature supports the thesis presented in this paper that at least three concepts of rhetoric were known and used.
EN
The works by Annenskyi and Dario were never compared. It seems obvious that they have little in common, but the ways the poets apprehend Greek culture share a few features. In their attempts to find the most acceptable variant to unite antiquity and modern literature and art, we see great influence of the ideas and poetry of Lecont de Lisle.
EN
The article deals with the reception of the ancient humoral theory in Polish works of the Renaissance. The reconstruction of the humoral theory is analyzed from its roots – medical schools of Knidos and Kos, through activities of Hippocrates, and especially with the use of Galen’s “concept of tetrads”. Furthermore, following ideas are discussed: the isolation of four bodily fluids: blood, yellow bile, black bile and mucus with its qualities (dryness, moistness, coldness and warmth), the four elements, four seasons and four stages of life, up to the quattuor humores theory as “the theory of macrocosm – microcosm”. The presentation of the foundation of theories is to show the relations and interrelations between the flow of bodily fluids and the affects, additionally ‘contamination’ of moods is pointed out as a probable source of hysterias, with Vitello’s concept of visual sensation as caused by madness. Polemic reference to the humoral theory suggested by Paracelsus is also depicted, it outlines innovative and complex character of his work within the main premises of Renaissance medicine. An essential context of the article is the display of humanistic inclinations of Renaissance people of medicine, whose written works became the source-based work for Wojciech Oczko (among other things his staging of “The Dismissal of the Greek Envoys” by Jan Kochanowski), Józef Struś (with the special emphasis on his poetic works) or Wojciech Nowopolski (concentrating, among other things, on his translations of Erasmus of Rotterdam and Greek literature lectures) and medical fascinations of Renaissance writers, for example, Daniel Naborowski.
18
Content available Aesopic Fables on Politics
75%
EN
In the ancient Greek Aesopic fables political matters were an important part of their contents and message. Voicing popular ideas, the fables were most often critical towards the authorities and the usual methods of government. The fables show political mechanisms, condemn violence and lies in public life. However, they were used also as an instrument of the ruling class propaganda, but even the fables that praise rulers unmask them indirectly. Although they remain highly realistic in their description of life, they promote values important for public life in the times of war and peace, such as finding good allies, honesty and freedom.
19
Content available remote Corpus Hermeticum w historii
75%
EN
The originator and founder of hermetism was the mythical Hermes Trismegistos, a deity of the syncretic Hellenistic religion that came into being through the identification of the Greek god Hermes with the Egyptian god Thot. In later Hellenistsic times, various hermetic writers considered Hermes Trismegistos to have been a historical personnage, a king, prophet and philosopher (physician), as well as author of many widely disseminated writings that made up the so-called Corpus Hermeticum (eithteen separate treatises from the 2nd-4th centuries AD) and the the so-called Emerald Table (Tabula Smaragdina). The Corpus Hermeticum is a collection of treatises of a philosophical, religious, theological as well as theosophical nature. The collection played an important role in the development of the philosophy of alchemy and hermetism, and formed the basis for an alchemist philosophy of nature. There are currently two views among scholars on the origins of hermetism. According to one, hermetism derived directly from Egypt, while according to the other it orginated in Greece. In the years 1945-46 a number of hermetic texts forming part of the now famous gnostic „library“ were discovered in Nag-Hammadi (Chenosboskion) in Upper Egypt. The Coptic texts from Nag-Hammadi date from the middle of the 4th century AD, and according to experts are translations from the Greek. Some authors (R. Reitzenstein and T. Zieliński) have suggested that along with the appearance in Egypt of the Hermetic Books, attributed to Hermes Trismegistos, there also appeared a new god in Egypt, Poimandres, and a new religion was established, hermetism, which competed for influence with Christianity. The present article discusses the main of the hermetic treatises, including Poimandres, which contains an account of the creation of the world. The article also discusses the reasons for the decline of hermetism as a religion and stresses that in spite of this decline the doctrine managed to survive in the form of alchemic hermetism, which played an important role in the culture of the Renaissance. The article also cites the voluminous work by W. Scott and A.S. Ferguson (1924-1936), and A.D. Nock and A.-J. Festugiere (1945-1964), which contains contemporary, English and French, commentaries on and translations of the Corpus Hermeticum texts.
20
Content available Protoeconomics - elements of economics in antiquity
75%
EN
Subject and purpose of work: The work presents the emergence and shaping of basic economic issues since the dawn of human economic activity. Contemporary views on important economic issues have their roots in antiquity. The shaping of concepts such as money, interest, contract, credit as a part of the law, began a long time ago and exerted an influence on the way they are understood today. Materials and methods: The basis for the considerations is the study of literature on the history of the development of economics and the science of management in economic, philosophical and ethical aspects. The work has shown the non-linear nature of the development of new phenomena emerging in volatile political, technical, religious and moral conditions, which are largely spontaneous, and a reciprocal overlap of various fields of knowledge in a general and individual sense. Particular discoverers were found to present a wide spectrum of interests. Results: Historically, the development of economic knowledge began with the issues from the border of economics and management, from microeconomics (household) to macroeconomics (money); little information concerns large undertakings such as irrigation systems, pyramids or waging wars. Conclusions: Generally speaking - monarchs’ edicts came before the deliberations of thinkers, concrete reasoning came before abstract considerations.
PL
Przedmiot i cel pracy: Praca przedstawia wyłanianie i kształtowanie się podstawowych zagadnień ekonomicznych od zarania działalności gospodarczej człowieka. Współczesne poglądy na istotne kwestie ekonomiczne mają ugruntowanie w starożytności. Kształtowanie takich pojęć jak pieniądz, procent, kontrakt, kredyt, przy udziale prawa, zaczęło się dawno temu i wywarło wpływ na ich dzisiejsze rozumienie. Materiały i metody: Podstawą dociekań są badania literatury dotyczącej historii rozwoju gospodarki i nauki o gospodarowaniu w aspektach ekonomicznych, filozoficznych, etycznych. W pracy wskazano na nielinearny charakter rozwoju, nowe zjawiska powstają na gruncie zmiennych uwarunkowań politycznych, technicznych, religijno-moralnych, które w dużej mierze mają charakter spontaniczny. Widzimy też wzajemne przenikanie różnych dziedzin wiedzy w znaczeniu ogólnym oraz indywidualnym – poszczególni odkrywcy prezentują szerokie spektrum zainteresowań. Wyniki: Historycznie rozwój wiedzy ekonomicznej rozpoczął się od zagadnień z pogranicza ekonomii i zarządzania, od mikroekonomii (gospodarstwo domowe) do makroekonomii (pieniądz); mało informacji dotyczy dużych przedsięwzięć jak systemy irygacyjne, piramidy czy prowadzenie wojen. Wnioski: Uogólniając – edykty monarchów wyprzedzały dociekania myślicieli, rozumowanie konkretne wyprzedzało rozważania abstrakcyjne.
first rewind previous Strona / 6 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.