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Researched were strategies in problem solving of conflict situations in groups of 8-11-year-old Roma (N = 80) and non-Roma (N = 85) children and the frequency of occurrence of these strategies on the basis of ethnic group membership. A significant predictor of ethnic membership was helplessness in solving conflict situations (answer: I don't know) with a higher incidence in non-Roma children. However, the difference noted is based on a social rather than an ethnic principle of comparison (Roma children in the sample prevailingly came from Roma settlements) and suggests a distinct handicap in Roma children in the sphere of social competence and security.
The social exclusion of the Roma population in Slovakia is manifested in many areas of life– from housing, education, access to healthcare and services, to employment and spatial distance. More than half of the Roma live in segregated settlements, which are characterized by a lack of fundamental infrastructure. Although a substantial number of infrastructure projects funded from EU funds were implemented to address these conditions the outcomes had been inconclusive. In this paper, the authors suggest that significant factors affecting the outcomes are general structural conditions, power asymmetries, and rooted social practices at the local level. Employing P. Bourdieu’s theoretical concepts and building on extensive fieldwork in municipalities of eastern and southern Slovakia, the authors identify three types of outcomes. These might serve as ‘ideal types’ for the better understanding of social processes leading to decision-making, and how various social agents may shape implementation of infrastructure projects at the local level. Finally, the authors discuss possibilities of how to mitigate discrepancies between the declared goals of the projects and their real outcomes.
The interest of the Slovak sociology in dealing with poverty and social exclusion has been rising steadily. Although the spatial aspect of poverty and social exclusion is one of the essential problems, the interest in it is only marginal. This study is trying to trace various spatial levels the poverty problem is connected with. It follows these aspects: 1. interregional disparity concentrating on social-spatial marginal regions; 2. Inter- community disparity; 3. local disparity. Within each level the author presents recent theoretical and indicative referential frames filling them with analysis of the data accessible in the Slovak Republic. The growth of social differentiation after 1989 goes hand in hand with spatial disparity. The interregional and inter-local disparities intensify; the most affected being social-spatial marginalized regions, smaller villages and spatial (also social) segregated communities, poor neighbourhoods in the towns and villages. The study also analyses an extreme example of spatial disparity of the segregated Roma settlements and warns of possible community and neighbourhood effect on intergenerational poverty transfer.
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