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1
Content available remote Kámen v pomístních jménech Moravy a Slezska
100%
Acta onomastica
|
2012
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tom 53
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nr 1
282-295
EN
The stone is a significant part of landscape, hence the common noun stone is used as a base for a plenty of anoikonyms in all languages. This paper deals with Moravian and Silesian minor place names containing Czech noun kámen ‚stone‘, in dialects ‚rock‘ too. In the first part, dialect forms of the respective names are described. Then the autor deals with struc-tural types of the names and frequency of these types. Finally variability and motivation are explored.
2
Content available remote Pomístní jména na území obce Otročiněves
100%
Acta onomastica
|
2012
|
tom 53
|
nr 1
149-162
EN
This text discusses the research and collection of minor place names in Otročiněves, one of the villages that belonged to the former court district Křivoklát. Minor places from the whole area will be collected for the purposes of my doctoral study. This text is the first step and it attemps to describe main tendencies and changes that reveal in a complex of minor place names during the time. The collected minor place names were compared with the list of minor place names from survey for the Dictionary of Minor Place Names in Bohemia made in 1963 and with the list called Theresian Cadastre (from 18th century). This text is based on a direct research. Informants who took part on it were divided into three groups according to age and they recorded the minor place names into the blind maps made for this purpose.
EN
The article in based on the author’s academic interest in dialectological vocabulary and proper names. The two sectors’ mutual influence is illustrated by means of examples from two locations: Hlohovec, a village on the East-Moravian and Austrian border, the name of which was presumably coined as a consequence of a false interpretation of its appellative basis (Hlohovec is probably not related to the appellative hloh ‘hawthorn’, but to the verb ležet ‘lay’), and Rácov in the Jihlava region of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands where the local appellative perished and an anoikonym was falsely understood and transformed into another one with a different motivation (M/močihuba – ‘heavy drinker’: MozciHuba : Mučí Huba : Mlčí Huba ‘mouth is quiet’ -> Tiché údolí ‘quiet valley’, Mlčící dolina ‘silent dale’).
PL
Příspěvek vychází ze zaměření autorky na nářeční apelativní a propriální slovní zásobu v češtině. Vzájemné ovlivňování a prolínání obou složek je ilustrováno na příkladech ze dvou obcí – z Hlohovce, obce s původně chorvatským obyvatelstvem na pomezí východní Moravy a Rakouska, jejíž název byl zřejmě uměle vytvořen na základě mylné interpretace apelativního východiska jména obce (jméno Hlohovec patrně nesouvisí s apelativem hloh, ale se slovesem ležet), a z Rácova na Jihlavsku na Českomoravské vysočině, kde v důsledku zániku regionálního apelativa došlo k mylnému chápání motivace pomístního jména a jeho přetvoření ve jméno nové, předpokládající zcela jinou motivaci (M/močihuba : MozciHuba : Mučí Huba : Mlčí Huba -> Tiché údolí, Mlčící dolina).
EN
The paper deals with representative aspects of Moravian and Silesian minor place names containing the personal name Jan (English John). In the first part, formal features of the respective anoikonyms are described, i. e. dialectal phonology and morphology. Then the author focuses on historical and local variation (including communication variants), motivation and structure of representative names. Qualitative data analysis showed the most popular motivation was a relation to local persons named Jan associated with the place ‒ property of the named object or a location near this property. Objects have rarely been named by local persons associated with the place, e. g. a forest named by his founder. Sometimes the reason for naming is not known, because there is not a record of the namegiver’s motivation. In terms of structural analysis, two-word (or multiple-word) names predominate, especially the combination of possessive adjectives derivated from the personal name Jan and originally the common name of the object (e. g. vrch ‚hill‘, důl ‚mine‘). Other structural types are less common.
5
Content available remote Vybrané aspekty pomístních jmen Moravy a Slezska s etymonem hrad-/hrád-:
67%
EN
The article focuses on the basis characterization of anoikonyms occurring in registers form Moravia and Silesia, containing the etymon hrad-/hrád- and deals in detail with several specific features of selected names. The analyzed names are divided into three groups, whose members are mutually linked from the viewpoint of the relation between the motivation and the resulting names: I. names HRADISKO, HRADIŠTĚ, HRADIŠŤKO // HRADÍŠŤKO, HRADIŠTĚK // HRADÍŠTĚK, HRADIŠTEČKA, HRADÍŠEK, HRADISEK; HRADÍŠTKOVÝ, HRADISKÝ, HRADIŠTNÝ, HRADIŠŤSKÝ; HRADIŠŤÁK; II. names HRAD, HRÁDEK, HRADEC, HRADOVÝ, HRÁDECKÝ, HRÁDKOVÝ, HRÁDEČNÁ; III. names HRADČANY // RAČANY, HRADČANSKÝ. The article also deals with the relationship between archaeology and toponomastics, analyzing the motivating component of the names concerned and paying attention also to dialectal features reflected by the material as well as to geographical location of some types of the names.
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