THE ROLE OF NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. ASPIRATION AND REALITY
The role of national parliaments in the European Union is not limited to the development, especially in the nineties and later, of forms of their participation in the consultation process aimed at creation of European law. Successful functioning of the European Union depends also on the loyal fulfillment of obligations laid on member states that are arising from the Treaties. Although the area of activity of national parliaments has shrunken they received new functions related to the European integration. The turning point for the recognition of the role of national parliaments in European Union took place in the Protocol to Amsterdam Treaty. It brought guaranties for fair conditions for parliaments to influence governmental decisions concerning the European Union. It also institutionalized the COSAC - Conference of European Commissions of National Parliaments, as advisory body within the European Union structure. As the practice showed the first part of the Protocol had bigger influence on so far modest re-parliamentization of the European Union. Its deepening could take place together with coming into force of the Treaty establishing the Constitution for Europe. The Treaty could introduce a system of early warning by national parliaments against a violation of principle of subsidiarity. The introduction of the system without a ratification of the Constitutional Treaty seems to be possible but problematic.
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