Nesplněná očekávání západní levice : Konference tří internacionál v Berlíně 1922
The unfulfilled expectations of the western left : the conference of the three internationals in Berlin 1922
The aim of this study is to evaluate the brief stage of attempts by western European socialist movements to establish cooperation with the Moscowbased Communist International, which since its inception had also been a tool for Soviet foreign policy. In the beginning of the 1920s, a period with an unstable political situation in many of the Central European countries, these efforts may have played a significant role in the future development of the Versailles system. For Soviet foreign policy at the time was oriented against the Versailles system and at the same time they were attempting to surmount the barrier for commercial and economic cooperation with the industrially- developed West. The accessibility of western markets was essential for the renewal of the Soviet economy, which was in a state of chaos after the First World War and the bloody civil war. Moscow therefore purposefully exploited every possible channel for improving its position while at the same time still declaring its orientation towards worldwide socialist revolution. The leadership of the Soviet state was not very invested in cooperation with Western socialist; on the contrary, the political trials in Soviet Russia led to the toughening of repressive measures against ideological opponents. And it is for this reason, among others, that for central European countries it was important to be well informed about Soviet intelligence activities, and by extension also about the activities of the Comintern.