Jevení a okrasa: tělesnost a animalita u Merleau-Pontyho a Deleuze
Display and embellishment: Embodiment and animality in Merleau-Ponty and Deleuze
The author in this study concerns himself with the question of animality especially as understood by Merleau-Ponty in his courses at the Collège de France. Merleau-Ponty’s starting point is a reading of Husserl’s manuscripts which, in a certain sense, define themselves in distinction to Heidegger’s position. In these manuscripts certain concepts appear in embryo which will later become decisive in Merleau-Ponty’s conception of animality – one example is inter-animality. In his lectures Merleau-Ponty enriches Husserl’s original outlook by his reading of Portmann, Konrad and Uexküll, so that his conception of animality is now informed by concepts such as Umwelt and building plan. In this way he gradually outlines a new and original conception of animality which is now not understood by a relation to the human world, but rather as an attempt to find the authentic animal mode of being, while still maintaining the characteristic emphasis of phenomenology on appearing. In the concluding part of the text, Merleau-Ponty’s conception of animality is compared with that of Gilles Deleuze, presented in his book What Is Philosophy? Both differences and resonances between the two perspectives are emphasised.
- Filosofický časopis, redakce, Filosofický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Jilská 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic