Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2002 | 35 | 4 | 411-432
Tytuł artykułu

Intra-household gender inequality: hidden dimensions of poverty among Polish women

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
This paper challenges recent findings from quantitative studies of poverty in post-communist countries which deny the existence of gender differences in poverty in post 1989 Poland. The author uncovers hidden forms of the feminization of poverty by studying it from the micro-perspective of the family and the household. This perspective highlights gender differences in the division of labor, leisure time, as well as the fact that it is women's primary responsibility to secure the basic needs of the family. This study presents strong evidence for a variety of ways in which men and women experience and endure poverty differently in an impoverished area in Poland, a fact which is associated with the role of culture, history and tradition in shaping gendered patterns of reaction towards poverty and hardship. The paper is based on the content analysis of in-depth interviews collected during a field research conducted within the project ''Old and new forms of poverty in Poland'' (1997-1998) and ''Poverty, Ethnicity, and Gender inTransitional Societies (1999-2000). 1 I am deeply grateful to Eva Fodor for her exceptional help and support while working on this paper.
Opis fizyczny
  • Baxter, 1993, Baxter J., Work at Home. The Domestic Division of Labour, 1993, University of Queensland Press, St.Lucia
  • Brannen and Wilson, 1987, Brannen J., Wilson G., Give and Take in Families. Studies in Resources Distribution, 1987, Allen and Unwin, London
  • Budzet, 1998, Budzet, Budzet czasu ludnosci 1996 [Time Budget of Population], 1998, GUS, Warszawa
  • CBOS, 1993, CBOS, Tradycyjny czy partnerski model rodziny? Komunikat z badan [Traditional or Based on Partnership Model of Family?], 1993, CBOS
  • CBOS, 1997, CBOS, Kobiety o podziale obowiazków domowych w rodzinie. Komunikat z badan [Women on Division of Housework in Family], 1997, CBOS
  • Elam et al., 2000, Elam G., Richtie J., Hulusi A., Eking Out an Income. Low Income Households and Their Use of Supplementary Resources, Bradshaw J., Sainsbury R., Experiencing Poverty, 2000, 219 - 231, Ashgate, Aldershot
  • Daly, 1989, Daly M., Women and Poverty, 1989, Attic Press, Dublin
  • Glendinning and Millar, 1992, Glendinning C., Millar J., Women and Poverty in Britain the 1990s, 1992, Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead
  • Goldberg and Kremen, 1990, Goldberg G.S., Kremen E., The Feminization of Poverty. Only in America?, 1990, Greenwood Press, New York, Westport
  • Goode et al., 1998, Goode J., Callender C., Lister R., Purse or Wallet? Gender Inequalities and Income Distribution Within Families on Benefits, 1998, Policy Studies Institute, London
  • Gordon, 2000, Gordon D., The Scientific Measurement of Poverty. Recent Theoretical Advances, Bradshaw J., Sainsbury R., Researching Poverty, 2000, 37 - 58, Ashgate, Aldershot
  • Graham, 1992, Graham H., Budgeting for Health: Mothers in Low-income Families, Glendinning C., Millar J., Women and Poverty in Britain the 1990s, 1992, 209 - 224, Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead
  • Grant, 2000, Grant L., Disabled People, Poverty and Debt: Identity, Strategy and Policy, Bradshaw J., Sainsbury R., Experiencing Poverty, 2000, 232 - 250, Ashgate, Aldershot
  • Grotowska-Leder, 1995, Grotowska-Leder J., Sytuacja kobiet lódzkich—problem feminizacji biedy [Situation of Women in Lodz—Problem of Feminization of Poverty], Zalewska D., Poverty, Social Resourcefulness, Social Change, 1995, 69 - 82, IS UWr, Wroclaw
  • Jastrzebska-Szklarska and Korzeniewska, 2000, Jastrzebska-Szklarska, J. and Korzeniewska, K., 2000. Research Project Report from J.K. (mimeo).
  • Kempson et al., 1994, Kempson E., Brynson A., Rowlingson K., Hard Times? How Poor Families Make Ends Meet, 1994, Policy Studies Institute, London
  • Lister, 1995, Lister R., Women in Poverty, Funken K., Cooper P., Old and New Poverty. The Challenge for Reform, 1995, 55 - 68, Rivers Oram Press, London
  • Millar and Glendinning, 1989, Millar J., Glendinning C., Gender and Poverty, Journal of Social Policy 18, 3, 1989, 363 - 381
  • Miter et al., 2001, Miter, P.-E., Kawachi, J. and Szelényi, I., 2001. Social Determinants of Poverty (mimeo).
  • Nowak, 2001, Nowak, W., 2001. Bylo tysiac królików [There was a Thousand Rabbits]. Gazeta Wyborcza, March 10–11.
  • Oakley, 1974, Oakley A., The Sociology of Housework, 1974, Martin Robertson, Bath
  • Pahl, 1989, Pahl J., Money and Marriage, 1989, Macmillan, London
  • Pahl, 1995, Pahl J., His money, her money. Recent research on financial organization in marriage, Journal of Economic Psychology 16, 1995, 361 - 376
  • Pahl and Opit, 2000, Pahl J., Opit L., Patterns of Exclusion in the Electronic Economy, Bradshaw J., Sainsbury R., Researching Poverty, 2000, 234 - 262, Ashgate, Aldershot
  • Palska, 2000a, Palska H., Between Gratitude and Humiliation. Incurring Debts and Receiving Gifts as Part of the Life-Strategy of the Poor, East Central Europe/ECE 27, 2, 2000, 37 - 52
  • Palska, 2000b, Palska H., Ubodzy o chorobach i praktykach higienicznych [The Poor on Diseases and Hygiene], Promocja Zdrowia, Nauki Spoleczne i Medycyna 18, 2000, 97 - 117
  • Parker, 1992, Parker G., Making Ends Meet: Women, Credit and Debt, Glendinning C., Millar J., Women and Poverty in Britain the 1990s, 1992, 225 - 237, Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead
  • Payne, 1991, Payne S., Women, Health and Poverty. An Introduction, 1991, Harvester Wheatsheaf, Hemel Hempstead
  • Pilcher, 2000, Pilcher J., Domestic Divisions of Labour in the Twentieth Century: Change Slow A-Coming, Work, Employment and Society 14, 4, 2000, 771 - 780
  • Reszke, 2001, Reszke I., Uwarunkowania feminizacji biedy w Polsce [Factors of Feminization of Poverty in Poland], Kultura i Spoleczenstwo XLV, 2, 2001, 73 - 84
  • Rutkowski, 1998, Rutkowski J.J., Welfare and the Labor Market in Poland. Social Policy During Economic Transition, 1998, The World Bank, Washington, DC
  • Shelton, 1992, Shelton B.A., Women, Men and Time. Gender Differences in Paid Work, Housework and Leisure, 1992, Greenwood Press, Westport
  • Stitt, 1994, Stitt S., Poverty and Poor Relief: Concepts and Reality, 1994, Avebury, Aldershot
  • Strzeminska, 1970, Strzeminska H., Praca zawodowa kobiet a ich budzet czasu [Paid Work of Women and Their Time-budget], 1970, PWE, Warsaw
  • Tarkowska, 2000, Tarkowska E., Zrozumiec biednego. O dawnej i obecnej biedzie w Polsce [To Understand the Poor. On Past and Present Poverty in Poland], 2000, Typografika, Warsaw
  • Tarkowska, 2001, Tarkowska E., Underclass Without Ethnicity. Poverty of Polish Women and State Farm Laborers, Emigh R.E., Szelényi I., Poverty, Ethnicity, and Gender in Eastern Europe During the Market Transition, 2001, 83 - 122, Praeger, Westport
  • Thorogood, 1987, Thorogood N., Race, Class and Gender: the Politics of Housework, Brannen J., Wilson G., Give and Take in Families. Studies in Resources Distribution, 1987, 18 - 41, Allen and Unwin, London
  • Titkow, 1999, Titkow A., Historyczno-spoleczne uwarunkowania tozsamosci kobiet w Polsce [Historical and Social Determinants of the Identity of Women in Poland], Promocja Zdrowia, Nauki Spoleczne i Medycyna 16, 1999, 11 - 28
  • Titkow, 2001, Titkow A., On the Appreciated Role of Women, Ingham M., Ingham H., Domanski H., Women on the Polish Labor Market, 2001, 21 - 40, CEU Press, Budapest
  • Tomova et al., 2001, Tomova, I., Vandova, I. and Tomov, V., 2001. Poverty and Ethnicity. Case study—Bulgaria (mimeo).
  • Troc, 2000, Troc, G., 2000. Poverty and Ethnicity (mimeo).
  • Wilson, 1987, Wilson G., Money: Patterns of Responsibility and Irresponsibility in Marriage, Brannen J., Wilson G., Give and Take in Families. Studies in Resources Distribution, 1987, 136 - 154, Allen and Unwin, London
  • Warzywoda-Kruszynska, 1999, Warzywoda-Kruszynska W., (Zyc) Na marginesie wielkiego miasta [(Live) On the Margin of a Large City], 1999, IS UL, Lódz
  • Warzywoda-Kruszynska and Grotowska-Leder, 1996, Warzywoda-Kruszynska W., Grotowska-Leder J., Wielkomiejska bieda w okresie transformacji (zasilkobiorcy pomocy spolecznej) [Poverty in a Large City in the Period of Transformation (Recipients of Welfare)], 1996, IS UL, Lódz
  • Wojciechowski, 1990, Wojciechowski S., Poland: A Country of Conflicts, Goldberg G.S., Kremen E., The Feminization of Poverty. Only in America?, 1990, 183 - 200, Greenwood Press, New York, Westport
  • Zurabishvili, 2001, Zurabishvili, T., 2001. Poverty, Ethnicity and Gender in Transitional Societies (mimeo).
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.