Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2007 | 52 | 21 | 6237-6247
Tytuł artykułu

Nitrate and nitrite electrocatalytic reduction on Rh-modified pyrolytic graphite electrodes

Treść / Zawartość
Abstrakt, słowa kluczowe
Źródło
Twórcy
Bibliografia
Dodatkowe informacje
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The electrochemical reduction of nitrate and nitrite anions was investigated on Rh-modified pyrolytic graphite electrodes prepared by potentiostatic electrodeposition with the use of a double-pulse technique. Several important parameters (pH, temperature and composition of electrolytic medium, electrolysis potential) were varied. Only ammonia and nitrite ions were detected among NO 3 − reduction products, while NO 2 − ions are straightforwardly reduced to ammonia. The experimental data (CV measurements and the results of electrolyses) clearly show that Rh/graphite electrodes are much more efficient for NO 2 − reduction than for that of NO 3 − at room temperature which was confirmed by the determination of rate constants of corresponding reactions and the activation energy of NO 2 − reduction. The influence of carboxylate anions and tetraalkylammonium cations on the electrocatalytic activity of Rh/graphite electrodes was investigated and the inhibiting effect of HCOO − anions on hydrogen evolution reaction and nitrate reduction was demonstrated.
Czasopismo
Electrochimica Acta , ISSN 00134686
Rocznik
Tom
52
Numer
21
Strony
6237-6247
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • INRS-Energie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650 Blvd Lionel Boulet, C.P. 1020, Varennes, Québec, Canada J3X 1S2 , brylev@inorg.chem.msu.ru
  • Département de Chimie, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3P8
  • INRS-Energie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650 Blvd Lionel Boulet, C.P. 1020, Varennes, Québec, Canada J3X 1S2
  • Département de Chimie, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3P8
autor
  • INRS-Energie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, 1650 Blvd Lionel Boulet, C.P. 1020, Varennes, Québec, Canada J3X 1S2 , roue@emt.inrs.ca
  • Département de Chimie, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3P8 , belanger.daniel@uqam.ca
Bibliografia
  • 1. World Health Organization, "Rolling Revision of the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-Waters Quality, Nitrates and Nitrites in Drinking-Waters", 2004
  • 2. Kapoor, A.& Viraraghavan, T., J. Environ. Eng., vol. 123, 1997, p.371
  • 3. Yang, G.C.C.& Lee, H.-L., Water Res., vol. 39, 2005, p.884
  • 4. Hartman, P.E., Environ. Mutagen., vol. 5, 1983, p.111
  • 5. Fraser, P.& Chivers, C., Sci. Total Environ., vol. 18, 1981, p.103
  • 6. Gu, B.H.& Ku, Y.K.& Jardine, P.M., Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 38, 2004, p.3184
  • 7. Molinari, R.& Argurio, P.& Romeo, L., Desalination, vol. 138, 2001, p.271
  • 8. Elmidaoui, A.& Elhannouni, F.& Menkouchi Sahli, M.A.& Chay, L.& Elabbassi, H.& Hafsi, M.& Largeteau, D., Desalination, vol. 136, 2001, p.325
  • 9. Aslan, Ş.& Türkmann, A., Process Biochem., vol. 40, 2005, p.935
  • 10. Bae, B.U.& Kim, C.H.& Kim, Y.I., Water Sci. Technol., vol. 49, 2004, p.413
  • 11. Kerkeni, S.& Lamy-Pitara, E.& Barbier, J., Catal. Today, vol. 75, 2002, p.35
  • 12. Zhang, X.& Wang, J.& Wang, Z.& Wang, S., Synth. Met., vol. 155, 2005, p.95
  • 13. Paidar, M.& Rousar, I.& Bouzek, K., J. Appl. Electrochem., vol. 29, 1999, p.611
  • 14. Bockris, J. O’M.& Kim, J., J. Appl. Electrochem., vol. 27, 1997, p.623
  • 15. Gootzen, J.& Peeters, P.& Dukers, J.& Lefferts, L.& Visscher, W.& van Veen, J., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 434, 1997, p.171
  • 16. Janseen, L.J.J.& Pieterse, M.M.J.& Barendrecht, E., Electrochim. Acta, vol. 22, 1977, p.27
  • 17. Xiang, Y.& Zhou, D.& Rushling, J.F., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 424, 1997, p.1
  • 18. Chebotareva, N.& Hyokong, T., J. Appl. Electrochem., vol. 27, 1997, p.975
  • 19. Petrii, O.A.& Safonova, T.Ya., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 331, 1992, p.897
  • 20. Dima, G.E.& de Vooys, A.C.A.& Koper, M.T.M., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 554/555, 2003, p.15
  • 21. de Groot, M.T.& Kooper, M.T.M., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 562, 2004, p.81
  • 22. de Vooys, A.C.A.& Santenvan, R.A.& van Veen, J.A.R., J. Mol. Catal. A, vol. 154, 2000, p.203
  • 23. Horányi, G.& Rizmayer, E.M., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 143, 1983, p.323
  • 24. Gootzen, J.F.E.& Lefferts, L.& van Veen, J.A.R., Appl. Catal. A, vol. 188, 1999, p.127
  • 25. De, D.& Englehardt, J.D.& Kalu, E.E., J. Electrochem. Soc., vol. 147, 2000, p.4224
  • 26. da Cunha, M.C.P.M.& De Souza, J.P.I.& Nart, F.C., Langmuir, vol. 16, 2000, p.771
  • 27. Reddy, K.J.& Lin, J., Water Res., vol. 34, 2000, p.995
  • 28. Peel, J.W.& Reddy, K.J.& Sullivan, B.P.& Bowen, J.M., Water Res., vol. 37, 2003, p.2512
  • 29. Brylev, O.& Roué, L.& Bélanger, D., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 581, 2005, p.22
  • 30. Brylev, O.& Sarrazin, M.& Bélanger, D.& Roué, L., Appl. Catal. B, vol. 64, 2006, p.243
  • 31. Ueda, M.& Dietz, H.& Anders, A.& Kneppe, H.& Meixner, A.& Plieth, W., Electrochim. Acta, vol. 48, 2002, p.377
  • 32. Safonova, T.Ya.& Petrii, O.A., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 448, 1998, p.211
  • 33. Omori, T.& El-Deab, M.S.& Osawa, M., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 470, 1999, p.46
  • 34. Hsieh, S.J.& Gewirth, A.A., Langmuir, vol. 16, 2000, p.9501
  • 35. Bard, A.J.& Parsons, R.& Jordan, J. (Eds.), Standard Potentials in Aqueous Solutions, 1985
  • 36. Coleman, D.& White, R.E.& Hobbs, D.T., J. Electrochem. Soc., vol. 142, 1995, p.1152
  • 37. Lazarova, E., Elektrokhimiya, vol. 18, 1982, p.1654, (in Russian)
  • 38. Tucker, Ph.M.& Waite, M.J.& Hayden, B.E., J. Appl. Electrochem., vol. 34, 2004, p.781
  • 39. Jerkiewicz, G.& Borodzinski, J.J., Langmuir, vol. 9, 1993, p.2202
  • 40. Greenberg, A.E.& Clesceri, L.S.& Eaton, A.D.& Franson, M.A.H. (Eds.), Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, 1992, 18th ed., p.4
  • 41. Frear, D.S.& Burell, R.C., Anal. Chem., vol. 27, 1955, p.1664
  • 42. Dietz, R.N., Anal. Chem., vol. 40, 1968, p.1576
  • 43. Bartlett, P.N.& Marwan, J., Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., vol. 62, 2003, p.73
  • 44. Ginner, J.L.& Alvarez, P.J.J.& Smith, S.L.& Scherer, M.M., Environ. Eng. Sci., vol. 21, 2004, p.219, (and references therein)
  • 45. Bouzek, K.& Paidar, M.& Sadlikova, A.& Bergmann, H., J. Appl. Electrochem., vol. 31, 2001, p.1185
  • 46. Polatides, C.& Kyriacou, G., J. Appl. Electrochem., vol. 35, 2005, p.421
  • 47. Sakellaropoulos, G.P., AlChE J., vol. 25, 1979, p.781
  • 48. Lu, Ch.& Lu, Sh.& Qiu, W.& Liu, Q., Electrochim. Acta, vol. 44, 1999, p.2193
  • 49. Cai, Q.& Zhang, W.& Yang, Z., Anal. Sci., vol. 17, 2001, p.i917
  • 50. de Vooys, A.C.A.& Beltramo, G.L.& van Riet, B.& van Veen, J.A.R.& Koper, M.T.M., Electrochim. Acta, vol. 49, 2004, p.1307
  • 51. Weinberg, N.L.& Mazur, D.J., J. Appl. Electrochem., vol. 21, 1991, p.895
  • 52. Hahn, F.& Beden, B.& Lamy, C., J. Electroanal. Chem., vol. 204, 1986, p.315
  • 53. Philips, J.M.& Leibsle, F.M.& Holder, A.J.& Keith, T., Surf. Sci., vol. 545, 2003, p.1
  • 54. Damaskin, B.B.& Petrii, O.A.& Batrakov, V.V., "Adsorption of Organic Compounds on Electrodes", 1971
  • 55. Denuault, G.& Milhano, Cl.& Pletcher, D., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., vol. 7, 2005, p.3545
Kolekcja
Elsevier
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.elsevier-18aeffb9-7aa2-3090-872e-0c3073366724
Identyfikatory
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.