Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2023 | nr 2 | 39-46
Tytuł artykułu

Applying the PERMA model in employee wellbeing

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The aim of this study is to define the essence of wellbeing in employee management, and present the functionality of the PERMA model in positive psychology. The first part of the study describes the multidimensionality of the concept of wellbeing and the difficulties in defining it. An important element of the conducted analysis is the presentation of the positive effects of the implementation of wellbeing in organisations, including elements of wellbeing dimensions and activities affecting wellbeing, while the most important part of the article is the diagnosis of the applicability of the PERMA model in the study of employee wellbeing and positive education. Different elements of the model are described and the latest solutions with regards to its improvement are presented. An analysis of the literature showed that a model with four additional dimensions - physical health, mindset, work environment and economic security - may be the most useful for analysing employee wellbeing. The next part of this publication is devoted to the use of the PERMA model in the classification of interventions, where we show that the model not only enables diagnosis of the weaknesses of wellbeing, but even facilitates the assigning of specific interventions. These solutions make it possible to build wellbeing that positively impacts employee behaviour, with the authors indicating discrepancies in the activities undertaken by organisations and the needs of employees with regards to wellbeing. The findings suggest that employees expect activities related to the development of their mental dimension and economic security, not necessarily related to physical health, which are most commonly implemented by organisations(original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin
  • West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin
  • Activity. (n.d.). Przyszłość wellbeingu i benefitów pracowniczych - nowe porządki! Retrieved January 4, 2023, from
  • Angel, S., Gregory, J. (2021). Does housing tenure matter? Owner-occupation and wellbeing in Britain and Austria. "Housing Studies", 38(5), 860-880.
  • AON. (n.d.). Raport Global Wellbeing 2021. Retrieved January 4, 2023, from
  • Bayhan Karapinar, P., Metin Camgoz, S., Tayfur Ekmekci, O. (2019). Employee wellbeing, workaholism, work-family conflict and instrumental spousal support: A moderated mediation model." Journal of Happiness Studies", 21(7), 2451-2471.
  • Butler, J., Kern, M. L. (2016). The PERMA-Profiler: A brief multidimensional measure of flourishing. "International Journal of Wellbeing", 6(3), 1-48.
  • Chang, C.-H., Shao, R., Wang, M., Baker, N. M. (2021). Workplace interventions in response to COVID-19: an occupational health psychology perspective. "Occupational Health Science", 5(1-2), 1-23.
  • David, M. K., Ali, A. (2021). Discourse of folk literature on healthy ageing: A case study in Sindh, Pakistan during the pandemic crisis." Social Sciences", 10(9), 350.
  • Deaton, A., Stone, A. A. (2014, January 13). Evaluative and hedonic wellbeing among those with and without children at home. "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences", 111(4), 1328-1333.
  • Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. "Psychological Bulletin", 95(3), 542-575.
  • Disabato, D. J., Goodman, F. R., Kashdan, T. B., Short, J. L., Jarden, A. (2016). Different types of well-being? A cross-cultural examination of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. "Psychological Assessment", 28(5), 471-482.
  • Dolan, P., Metcalfe, R. (2012). Measuring subjective wellbeing: Recommendations on measures for use by national government. "Journal of Social Policy", 41(2), 409-427.
  • Donaldson, S. I., van Zyl, L. E., Donaldson, S. I. (2022). PERMA+4: A framework for work-related wellbeing, performance and positive organizational psychology 2.0. "Frontiers in Psychology", 12, 1-13.
  • Duan, W., Chen, Z., Ho, S. M. Y. (2020). Editorial: Positive education: Theory, practice, and evidence." Frontiers in Psychology", 11, 1-4.
  • Ernst Kossek, E., Kalliath, T., Kalliath, P. (2012). Achieving employee wellbeing in a changing work environment. "International Journal of Manpower", 33(7), 738-753.
  • Esteban-Gonzalo, S., Esteban-Gonzalo, L., Cabanas-Sánchez, V., Miret, M., Veiga, O. L. (2020). The investigation of gender differences in subjective wellbeing in children and adolescents: The UP&DOWN study. "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health", 17(8), 2732.
  • Fancourt, D., Steptoe, A. (2020). The longitudinal relationship between changes in wellbeing and inflammatory markers: Are associations independent of depression? "Brain, Behavior, and Immunity", 83, 146-152.
  • Gable, S. L., Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? "Review of General Psychology", 9(2), 103-110.
  • Gorgenyi-Hegyes, E., Nathan, R. J., Fekete-Farkas, M. (2021). Workplace health promotion, employee wellbeing and loyalty during Covid-19 pandemic-large scale empirical evidence from Hungary." Economies", 9(2), 55.
  • Henderson, L., Knight, T. (2012). Integrating the hedonic and eudaimonic perspectives to more comprehensively understand wellbeing and pathways to wellbeing. "International Journal of Wellbeing", 2(3), 196-221.
  • Iasiello, M., Bartholomaeus, J., Jarden, A., Kelly, G. (2017). Measuring PERMA+ in South Australia, the state of wellbeing: A comparison with national and international norm. "Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing", 1(2), 53-72.
  • Ilska, M., Kołodziej-Zaleska, A. (2018). Dobrostan hedonistyczny i eudajmonistyczny w sytuacjach kryzysów normatywnych i nienormatywnych. "Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej. Organizacja i Zarządzanie", 123, 155-184.
  • Keeman, A., Näswall, K., Malinen, S., Kuntz, J. (2017). Employee wellbeing: Evaluating a wellbeing intervention in two setting. "Frontiers in Psychology", 8, 1-14.
  • Keyes, C. L. M., Shmotkin, D., Ryff, C. D. (2002). Optimizing well-being: The empirical encounter of two tradition. "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology", 82(6), 1007-1022.
  • Kun, Á., Balogh, P., Krasz, K. G. (2016). Development of the work-related well-being questionnaire based on Seligman's PERMA Model. "Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences", 25(1), 56-63.
  • Kwiatek, P., Wilczewska, K. (2015). Czym jest a czym nie jest psychologia pozytywna? Poszukiwanie paradygmatu. "Seminare", 36(4), 135-145.
  • Lai, M. K., Leung, C., Kwok, S. Y. C., Hui, A. N. N., Lo, H. H. M., Leung, J. T. Y., Tam, C. H. L. (2018). A multidimensional PERMA-H positive education model, general satisfaction of school life, and character strengths use in Hong Kong Senior Primary School Students: Confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis using the APASO-II. "Frontiers in Psychology", 9, 1-11.
  • Linley, P. A., Joseph, S., Harrington, S., Wood, A. M. (2006). Positive psychology: Past, present, and (possible) future. "The Journal of Positive Psychology", 1(1), 3-16.
  • Luna, E., Ruiz, M., Malyutina, S., Titarenko, A., Kozela, M., Pająk, A., Kubinova, R., Bobak, M. (2020). The prospective association between frequency of contact with friends and relatives and quality of life in older adults from Central and Eastern Europe. "Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology", 55(8), 1001-1010.
  • Marshall, K., Thieme, A., Wallace, J., Vines, J., Wood, G., Balaam, M. (2014). Making wellbeing: a process of user-centered design. In Proceedings of the 2014 conference on Designing interactive systems (pp. 755-764).
  • Mercer, S., MacIntyre, P. D. (2014). Introducing positive psychology to SLA. "Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching", 4(2), 153-172.
  • Morgan, B., Simmons, L. (2021). A 'PERMA' response to the pandemic: An online positive education programme to promote wellbeing in university student." Frontiers in Education, 6, 1-10.
  • Morrish, L., Rickard, N., Chin, T. C., Vella-Brodrick, D. A. (2018). Emotion regulation in adolescent well-being and Positive Education." Journal of Happiness Studies", 9(5), 1543-1564.
  • Norrish, J. M., Williams, P., O'Connor, M., Robinson, J. (2013). An applied framework for Positive Education. "International Journal of Wellbeing", 3(2), 147-161.
  • Petersen, E., Bischoff, A., Liedtke, G., Martin, A. J. (2021). How does being solo in nature affect well-being? Evidence from Norway, Germany and New Zealand. "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health", 18(15), 7897.
  • Pezirkianidis, C., Stalikas, A., Lakioti, A., Yotsidi, V. (2019). Validating a multidimensional measure of wellbeing in Greece: Translation, factor structure, and measurement invariance of the PERMA Profiler. "Current Psychology", 40(6), 3030-3047.
  • Pradhan, R. K., Hati, L. (2019). The measurement of employee well-being: Development and validation of a scale. "Global Business Review"', 23(2), 1-23.
  • Rasool, S. F., Wang, M., Tang, M., Saeed, A., Iqbal, J. (2021). How toxic workplace environment effects the employee engagement: The mediating role of organizational support and employee wellbeing. "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health", 18(5), 2294.
  • Rath, T., Harter, J. (2010). The economics of wellbeing. Gallup Press.
  • Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology", 57(6), 1069-1081.
  • Seligman, M. E. (2011). Flourish: A visionary new understanding of happiness and well-being. Simon & Schuster.
  • Seligman, M. (2018). PERMA and the building blocks of well-being. "The Journal of Positive Psychology", 13(4), 333-335.
  • Simons, G., Baldwin, D. (2021). A critical review of the definition of 'wellbeing' for doctors and their patients in a post Covid-19 era. "International Journal of Social Psychiatry", 67(8), 984-991.
  • Steptoe, A., Deaton, A., Stone, A. A. (2015, February 14). Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. "The Lancet", 385(9968), 640-648.
  • Tetrick, L. E., Winslow, C. J. (2015). Workplace stress management interventions and health promotion. "Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior", 2(1), 583-603.
  • Tov, W., Diener, E. (2013). Subjective well-being. Research Collection School of Social Sciences. Paper 1395.
  • Tucholska, K., Gulla, B. (2007). Psychologia pozytywna - krytyczna analiza koncepcji. "Studia z psychologii w KUL", 14, 107-131.
  • Walia, K., Nishtha. (2018). The relationship between employee wellbeing and spirituality at workplace." IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior", 17(3), 28-44.
  • WHO. (2014). Not merely the absence of disease.
  • Wong, P. T. P. (2011). Positive psychology 2.0: Towards a balanced interactive model of the good life. "Canadian Psychology", 52(2), 69-81.
  • Zhou, X., Rasool, S. F., Ma, D. (2020). The relationship between workplace violence and innovative work behavior: The mediating roles of employee wellbeing. "Healthcare", 8(3), 332.
  • Zuo, S., Wang, S., Wang, F., Shi, X. (2017). The behavioural paths to wellbeing: An exploratory study to distinguish between hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing from an activity perspective. "Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology", 11, 1-13.
  • Zyl, E. L., van, Stander, M. (2014). Flourishing interventions: A practical guide to student development. In M. Coetzee (Eds.), Psycho-social Career Meta-capacities (pp. 265-276). Springer.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.