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2011 | z. 127 | 71-85
Tytuł artykułu

Cracow Barometric Series as a Basis for Long-Term Air Pressure Research

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Monthly and annual series of air pressure in Cracow were produced on the basis of barometric measurements from 1792 to 2005. The site of measurements is reliably homogeneous. Each measurement by the mercury barometer was reduced to air temperature of °C, but a reduction to sea level was not applied, moreover each reading of the mercury position in the barometer was adjusted by a set of constant corrections: the instrumental one and adjustments for latitude and Earth's radius. The historical meteorological station of the Jagiellonian University is located at 220 meters a.s.l. A set of 13 Figures illustrates the time variability and fluctuations of the atmospheric pressure. The range of variability of the mean values can be very large, exceeding 25 hPa in winter months. Additionally, cases of particular changes within 3 and 24 hours have been presented according to data from 1951-2000. Rough criteria for distinguishing such changes allow to find out the most of extreme abrupt pressure drops and rises in wintertime. (original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Twórcy
  • Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Czarnota K., 2006, Abrupt daily changes in air pressure in Cracow, MSc. Thesis in the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, typescript.
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  • Niedźwiedź Т. 2005, Calendar of circulation types, Computer files in Dept. of Climatology, Silesian University, Sosnowiec (courtesy of Prof. T. Niedźwiedź).
  • Tamulewicz J., 1997, The Great Encyclopedia of World's Geography, V, Weather and Climate, Wydawnictwo Kurpisz s.c, Poznań, 36-47 (in Polish).
  • Trepińska J., 1982, Characterization of the measurement series at the Jagiellonian University Climatological Station, Results of Studies of the Climatological Station of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Prace Geograficzne 55, Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego DCLIII, 9-29 (in Polish).
  • Trepińska J., 1988, Multiannual course of air pressure and temperature in Cracow, against the background of their changeability in Europe, Jagiellonian University, Rozprawy Habilitacyjne, 140, 34-36 (in Polish).
  • Trepińska J., 1997, Multi-annual course of mean monthly values of air pressure in Cracow (1792-1995), [in:] J. Trepińska (ed.), Fluctuations of climate in Cracow (1792- 1995), Inst, of Geography, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 131-161 (in Polish)
  • Trepińska J., 2002, The Cracow series of measurements of air pressure and temperature in Władysław Gorczyński 's works, [in:] Professor Władysław Gorczyński 's scientific work and its continuation, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Totuń 215-220 (in Polish).
  • Trepińska J., 2007, Atmospheric pressure, [in:] D. Matuszko (ed.), Climate of Cracow in 20,h century, Jagiellonian University, Inst, of Geogtaphy and Spatial Management, Cracow, 41-54 (in Polish).
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  • Weisse M., 1853, Allgemeine Uebersicht der an der K.K. Krakauer Sternwarte vom Jahre 1826bis 1852 gemachten Meteorologischen Beobachtungen Zusammengestellt von (...) Krakau.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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