ETHICS AND SCIENTIFIC SUBJECTIVITY. THE CONFRONTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF SOME IDEAS AND ATTITUDES OF POLISH ENLIGHTENMENT IN THE LIGHT OF SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS
The authoress presents and discusses certain etical and intellectual tensions between the ideas of Enlightenment and the traditional ideas presented by the Polish 18th century thinkers. In particular the works of such authors as Hugo Kollataj, Stanislaw Staszic, Jan Sniadecki and Tadeusz Czacki are considered. Applying the philosophical ideas of Emil Cioran, she claims that the scientific scepticism would lead the discussed writers towards negation of reality if it were not for their ethical aim of their activity. Seeking to reform the Polish Commonwealth and restore the moral and political order, these writers chose to limit the scope of their search. Unlike the French philosophers of the Enlightenment they remained loyal to the Roman Catholic Church. The authoress discusses their theories of the philosophy of history as well as of the origins of religion. She also considers that the moral and political sufferings of the Polish writers were projected by them to the antiquity claiming that their ancestors had to face similar moral and political dilemmas.
CEJSH db identifier