DANIEL ANDREEV AS A PHENOMENON OF RUSSIAN SPIRITUAL CULTURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY (ON THE CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY OF POET'S BIRTH)
Daniel Andreev (1906-1959), original Russian poet and thinker, was a soviet political prisoner from 1947 to 1957. His main literary works (The Russian Gods, The Iron Mystery Play, The Rose of the World) had not been published until 1989. His works proved to be a unique phenomenon in Russian culture. Although most of them were written in prison in a totalitarian and atheistic state they were spiritually liberated and deeply religious. The author remained faithful to the idea of Holy Russia which had been proclaimed throughout centuries by Russian prophets, thinkers, and great writers. The main theme of Andreev's creation is the history of Russia. In his interpretation it is a metahistory of the Russian 'supernation', his 'voyage toward the Heavenly Kremlin', the capital of Holy Russia. Such a vision of history leads toward its mythologisation. Andreev thus created mythological persons and notions. The author perceived the fate of individuals, nations, humanity, and the universe as constant struggle of contradictory powers of Good and Light against the powers of Evil and Darkness. In his most important work 'The Rose of the World' the poet created an utopian vision of the future world: an exceptional mythopoetic treatise in world literature.
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