THE SECOND INHUMATION GRAVE FROM THE CEMETERY IN MANASTERZ. PROBLEMS OF CHRONOLOGY AND BURIAL RITES IN THE TARNOBRZEG GROUP OF THE LUSATIAN CULTURE
The inhumation grave from the biritual cemetery, dated to Bronze Age and beginnings of the Iron Age, at Manasterz on the San river is presented on the background of burial ritual of the Tarnobrzeg group. The authors offer description of the grave inventory, anthropological and metallographical analyses of bones and metal objects, radiocarbon dating, and then comparative analysis of the whole inventory on the background of all known inhumation graves from the Tarnobrzeg group cemeteries. Described grave represents the oldest horizon among all analyzed assemblages (HA1 or even BD). Seriation analysis of grave furniture allowed to distinguish 3 groups of inhumation graves, in which metal ornaments made of bronze bars, wire and band were deposited. It is possible that this division corresponds to the chronological sequence of the inhumation graves. Inhumation burial ritual belongs to the most interesting phenomena in the Tarnobrzeg group. Rich equipment of inhumation graves (not recorded in cremation graves) allows to look for wide-spread, contemporary analogies and connections to the older Trzciniec culture.
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