Nové trendy v českém porodnictví a sociální nerovnosti mezi rodičkami
NEW TRENDS IN THE CZECH BIRTHING SYSTEM AND EMERGING SOCIAL INEQUALITIES AMONG BIRTHING WOMEN
The article looks at the changes in the Czech birthing system that have occurred as market conditions have come to be introduced into the health-care system. Drawing on the results of an ethnographic study carried out at two Czech maternity hospitals, the authors highlight the relevance of two concepts: consumerism and the commercialisation of birth care. These complex processes have a significant impact on the character of the Czech birthing system, but they have also contributed to the re-emergence of social inequalities in the maternity hospitals observed in the study. The findings from the study confirmed the association between the socio-economic status of mothers and how a woman relates to consumerism, which in turn influences how a woman approaches childbirth. The study also revealed that maternity hospital staff draw a connection between the socio-economic status of birthing women and the course and outcome of childbirth. However, according to these 'native' interpretations, women with a higher socio-economic background, who tend to exhibit stronger inclinations towards consumerism, have 'more difficult' births with more complications.
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