SELF-AWARENESS AS THE CORRELATE OF RELIGIOUSNESS AMONG WOMEN WHO BELONG TO MONASTIC SOCIETIES (Samoswiadomosc jako korelat religijnosci u kobiet nalezacych do zgromadzen zakonnych)
Theoretical and empirical prerequisites suggest that cognitive structures, therein self-awareness, demonstrate connections with religiousness. The whole spectrum of statements, even among classical scholars of psychology, can be found in psychological analyses devoted to religiousness issues. They range from those stressing that the man reaches a complete self-awareness only in the transcendental act of contact with God, to those indicating that religious experience is caused merely by a well-developed self-awareness. The presented research touches upon issues concerning the cognitive correlates of religiousness. The subject of study were connections between types of relation to God and self-awareness, defined as a course of processing information about self and about relations with the environment. The study group comprises women who belong to monastic societies (N=110), aged between 22 and 31 years (M=26,43; SD=2,49), with 4- up to 9-year experience of living in the order. The Self-awareness Scale by Z. Zaborowski and the Scale of Relation to God by D. Hutsebaut were applied in the study. The empirical research verified the preliminarily formulated research hypothesis, indicating the presence of statistically significant connections between the self-awareness type and religiousness. External self-awareness demonstrates the strongest connection with religiousness, whereas personal self-awareness - the weakest.
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