Gacaca - «another» dimension of justice
The system of Gacaca courts is a transitional justice system, implemented in Rwanda in order to bring to justice perpetrators of 1994 genocide and reconcile Rwandan society. Complexity of Gacaca's objectives, its hybridity, and different possible perspectives for analysis lead to difficulties in formulating appropriate criteria for coherent assessment of the system. As the economic crisis in Rwanda was the most direct cause of escalation of violence in 1994 and economic problems in the country have been most often indicated by Rwandans and government officials as the most important problem in Rwanda following genocide the author turns to Gacaca's contribution to economic growth as the most objective criterium to assess Gacaca's success in transforming Rwandan society. Implementation of Gacaca and introduction of community service programme enabled the return to the society of a substantial part of the working-age population making the economic development of Rwanda possible.