РОЗВИТОК КРАЄЗНАВЧОГО ТУРИЗМУ В ПОЛЬЩІ У ДРУГІЙ ПОЛОВИНІ XX – ПОЧАТКУ XXI СТОЛІТТЯ
Development of Regional Studies Tourism in Poland in the second half of XX-th – the beginning ofthe XXI-stcentury
The article describes the features of the development of regional studiestourism in the late XX-th – early XXI-st century.It is shown that the development of tourism in Poland, one of the components of which is regional studies tourism, has become one of the priorities of the state policy aimed at economic growth and spiritual improvement of society. Regional studiestourism as a form of education and educational work in Poland has a long-lasting period of development. Regional tourism was formed through an interdisciplinary synthesis of theoretical, methodological and best practice of geographical, economic, historical and ethnological local history and also tourism and recreation science. Regional studies tourism is regarded by Polish scholars as a general pedagogical concept that provides a close link between teaching, education and life instilling national human traits,promotes axiological education. Since the early twentieth century,regional studies tourism in Poland has turned into a broad social movement that aims at preserving natural and cultural values of their native land. The elements of the state and social system of regional studies tourism activities,such as regional partnerships, regional studies for school and tourist groups, scientific and educational research, are being formedin independent Poland.An important milestone in the development of Polish regional studies tourism in the second half of the XX-th century was creation of the Polish Tourist and Sightseeing Society (PTTK – Polish Towarzystwo Turystyczno-Krajoznawcze), whose main task was determined as management of the whole regional studiestourism movement in Poland. FiveCongresses became important eventsin the development of regional studies tourism, resolutions of which served asstrategic guidelinesfor regional studies tourism in the country. The mission of regional studies tourism remains the same for decades: «Through knowledge of the country, through the love for it – to work for the Fatherland» (A. Yanovsky). The contemporary higher priority objectives of the development of regional studies tourism in Poland are: the accumulation of knowledge about the regions and the entire country and promotion of regional studies ideas and knowledge in the wider circles of Polish society. An important aspect of regional studiestourism is training of educators-animators to implement regional studies and tourism activities. The research shows that regional studies tourism in Poland has considerable scientific and pedagogical potential.