Koncepcja zrównoważonej intensyfikacji rolnictwa w państwach Unii Europejskiej
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The concept of a sustainable intensification of agriculture in EU coun tries
The article presents the European context of the concept of a sustainable intensification of agriculture. The main premise of the idea is to increase agricultural yields with a concurrent limitation of adverse environmental impact by using modern technologies. This concept seems to be especially relevant in light of the challenges currently faced by the European Union and its aims defined in the Europe 2020 strategy. Although the agricultural sector in the EU countries operates within the framework of a single European model of agriculture, there are significant differences in methods and yields among individual countries. The dividing line between the “old” member states and those who joined the EU in 2004 is clearly visible and the differences determine particular countries’ varied approaches to the concept of sustainable intensification. Whereas in the EU-12 countries it should consist chiefly in improving the economic effects without a deterioration of the state of the natural environment, the EU-15 countries will rather focus on the ecologization of production methods while maintaining the current economic results.