НАУКОВІ ПІДХОДИ ДО ОРГАНІЗАЦІЇ ПРОЦЕСУ ГРОМАДЯНСЬКОГО ВИХОВАННЯ МОЛОДІ
Scientific approaches to civic education process of young people.
The priority scientific approaches to civic education process of young people are considered in the article. It has been underlined that the political, economic and social changes, which are taking place at present in Ukraine, require a new type of citizen – competent, with high levels of moral qualities, that can acquire the necessary skills of civic activity and social interaction, participation in solving socially important problems of their own community and country. The successful organization of the process of civic education of youth requires compliance with scientific approaches (concrete historical, cultural-knowledge, activity, personally-oriented, competence, environmental and system). It has been analyzed that the scientific approaches are directed at solving urgent problems of civic education through the use of historical and cultural heritage; on the need for total formation of civil qualities, values, civic competence of youth by involving them in activities in the social environment; on realization that interests, needs, opportunities, rights and sovereignty of the personality are at the center of educational process; on formation of a special consideration of the whole multilevel, interdependent process in its constant development. It has been emphasized that the compliance with these approaches provides training of a citizen-patriot, who is inherent in the moral and legal culture, civic maturity and self-awareness, who respects the historical and cultural heritage of his nation, is involved in civic activity and social interaction, confirming his need for realization of personal values and his personal world view. The article studies the problem of the forming of the citizen in the social environment. The young personality must possess certain qualities, knowledge, abilities, and skills, acquire social experience, act actively and cooperate in the social environment, he/she must be able to solve effectively the various problems of his own community. Consequently, it can be argued, that the present situation in Ukraine is a necessity for the formation on the younger generation not only awareness of democratic changes taking place in society, but also their active involvement in these changes.