ПРОБЛЕМА САМОРОЗВИТКУ ВЧИТЕЛЯ В ЗАРУБІЖНІЙ ПЕДАГОГІЧНІЙ ДУМЦІ
The problem of teacher’s self-development in the foreign pedagogical thought
The phenomenon of self-development in the context of European pedagogic as a complex process that finds its further progress in the context of up-to-date educational system is analyzed. Based on the analysis of original sources common tendencies of teachers’ self-development and its significance in the pedagogical process are revealed. The priority tasks of modern education acquire the new sound requiring the formation of a fully developed teachers able to productive activities at all levels. The main task of the society and pedagogy is not to influence the person, and to teach him/her self-development, the ability to reveal his/her own individuality, support him/her at the peak stages of development, and assistance in the selection of vectors of individual development, through their own example. The concept of pedagogical education of Ukraine has defined its aim as «the formation of a teacher who is able to develop the personality of the child and focuses on the personal and professional self-development and is ready to work creatively in educational institutions of different types». Therefore, a special value nowadays becomes the problem of self-development of future teachers. Analysis and interpretation of foreign educational experience let constructively and productively pick up experiences with the aim of self-development of future teachers in the national education space. Awakening an individual’s activity, cultivation of his/her subjectivity contributes to the transition from development, where he/she plays the role of a more or less passive object to self-development, when it performs the functions of a responsible creator of his/her lifestyle. The teacher who aims to contribute to the development of the student should be aware that the source of self-movement of the individual is the internal contradictions that arise in his life. Assistance in the work of self-development is necessary for the students, therefore, pedagogical support should be directed at self-determination and self-realization of the personality in educational space of higher education institutions, and hence the need to develop and implement mechanisms of pedagogical support of individual development of the student. The complexity of the process of self-development and its components contribute to the search for the own, individual path to personal and professional growth of the teacher, which is an important task of education for many centuries and to the present.