ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ҐЕНЕЗИ ТУРИЗМУ ЯК ОБ’ЄКТА НАУКОВОГО ПІЗНАННЯ
Peculiarities of the genesis of tourism as an object of scientific knowledge.
This article is devoted to the study of such complex contemporary social and economic phenomena as tourism. The question of the genesis and evolution of tourism discussed in international scientific literature. Theoretical analysis of the problem proved the feasibility and relevance of the chosen research topic. The authors determined that various aspects of tourism are explored by geographers, historians, economists, educators, doctors, representatives of various scientific disciplines. They have published many scientific articles, monographs, held many meetings on the problems of tourism. But today there is no clear formulation of the basic concepts of tourism. In the article, the authors emphasize that tourism is a multidisciplinary, multifactorial phenomenon. Tourism brings together concepts such as infrastructure, the quality of the tourism product and the environment, hospitality, training, transportation, security and so on. The authors found out that while tourism is a sector of the economy, complex inter-industry entity, which form and implement tourism product and economic activity, amateur people and their way of life. The researchers, based on the analysis of international declarations on tourism, found out that tourism leaders from around the world have recognized that familiarity with different cultures and traditions through tourism is an important factor for peace and international understanding, and also noted the need to promote and support education and training in the field of data frames technologies for tourism enterprises. Thus, the idea, of course, confirms the importance, urgency and feasibility of the study of the research problem. Based on the theoretical analysis of the native, foreign literature and laws and international agreements in the field of tourism, the nature and origin of the concept of tourism are clarified. The basic principles of tourism are described and recommendations for implementation to be followed by all the participants of relations in tourism are given. During the research the authors revealed the concepts that are basic to the study of tourism as an object of research. The authors made the appropriate conclusions, submitted recommendations. The prospect of further research is the study of the phenomenon of tourism, as well as training of the future masters of tourism in higher education institutions.