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2015 | 8(52) | 125-134
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The essence of future lawyers’ legal culture as a pedagogical problem
Języki publikacji
The essence of future lawyers’ legal culture as an object of scientific analysis is under review in the article. The concept of future lawyers’ legal culture by analyzing and summarizing the provisions of cultural studies, philosophy, sociology, pedagogy, psychology, political science and law is observed. It is determined that future lawyers’ legal culture is characterized by deep legal knowledge, awareness, precise and unconditional conviction in social values and rights in behavior that corresponds legal standards or readiness for such behavior. The isolation of the structural elements of the future lawyers’ legal culture considering subjective and objective aspects of the phenomenon of legal culture was highlighted. It was found out that the structure of the future lawyers’ legal culture includes subjective and objective elements. The subjective element is a positive sense of justice, which is a reflection of the consciousness of future lawyers’ legal reality, which in turn includes the right knowledge and understanding of principles and norms, values, awareness in law, respect for rights, the ability to interpret the meaning of the law, identify the purpose of adoption of a specific legal act, its scope and motivation of legally significant behavior. Positive justice implies not only a thorough knowledge of future lawyers’ legal rules but also implicit belief in their values, understanding their nature and appropriateness of use. The objective element – good behavior is an outward expression of an appropriate legal awareness, provides future lawyers’ ability to use legal knowledge in practice, exercise their rights, fulfill legal obligations to use domestic and international mechanisms and ways to protect violated rights, freedoms and legal interests. It is concluded that the legal culture of future lawyers is closely connected with the culture of a nation, is based on its principles and reflects the level of its development; it is formed in the legal system of the state and is embodied in its structural elements; provides a level of legal progress of society and the state, the perfection and reliability of the national legal system; acts as a guarantee of law and order, prevents the development of legal nihilism.
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