Stanowiska archeologiczne w nadmorskim krajobrazie kulturowym – na przykładzie Osłonina i Rzucewa, gmina Puck
Archaeological Sites in the Coastal Cultural Landscape on the Example Osłonino and Rzucewo, Community Puck
The paper presents threats and development of archaeological sites located in a zone between the sea and land. Two selected sites from Puck Bay region exemplify natural threats as well as such determined by uncontrolled human activity connected with development of land. Sites situated near cliffs are in danger of subsidence as a result of washing away the base of scarp like for instance the Stone Age site Osłonino near Puck. Areas in vicinity of the sea were always considered attractive because of their landscape features and value as places for commercial activity, especially in tourist business i.e. camp sites or seasonal eating shops. The Rzucewo site can be a good example of planned development with preservation of landscape and cultural heritage. Except of Stone Age remains of a settlement there were detected also archaeological traces of roman and early medieval periods. During Middle Ages and Modern times there existed a fishing village under a name of Kruszwica.Archaeological excavations conducted on the site yielded information on general layout of the Stone Age settlement, its building constructions and economy. Of the former fishing village remained foundations of two houses. One of them was discovered during works within the Cultural Park project. Two buildings from the beginning of XX century – a farm and a roadside shrine were left in the modern landscape. The area of the site shows still undamaged seaside landscape with perfect view on Hel Peninsula. Preservation of these features was the main reason for creation of the Cultural Park – The Seal’s Hunters Settlement in Rzucewo. Across the park, through area of former archaeological excavations, runs an educational path alongside which are reconstructions of post construction hut, semi-dugout, potter’s kiln, grave and flint axes workshop. Besides there is also reconstructed Kashubian house where archaeological exhibitions with finds from Rzucewo and Puck district are displayed. The only intrusion into natural environment is panoramic platform raised at the verge of cliff. The creation of cultural park was a best solution to protect an archaeological, historical heritage as well as the landscape in this part of Baltic sea coast. Preservation and development of areas of landscape and cultural values demand co-operation between consevationists, archaeologists, landlords and local authorities. Proper development of such areas does not end the process of their preservation, extremely important is participation of local heritage office in their management afterwards because such a ventures tend to transform into strictly commercial business.