Z fajką w zaświaty? – Fajki z krypty południowej kościoła pw. Narodzenia NMP w Piasecznie (woj. pomorskie)
With a pipe into the afterlife? – Pipes from the southern crypt of the church of Nativity of Blessed Virgin Mary in Piaseczno (Pomeranian Voivodeship)
The emergence of tobacco on the European market resulted in the flourishing of crafts involved in the production of items related to its use. The properties of this exotic plant and the cultural superstructure of its consumption meant that smoking or taking snuff quickly became a lifestyle. Along with decreasing tobacco prices, caused by the development of the commercial network and the establishment of local cultivation, it goes to a wider group of recipients. Considered a medicinal plant, tobacco was used for various ailments and disorders. The widespread use of this exotic plant meant that tobacco consumption related items gained the rank of personal effects, sometimes associated with specific users. As a result of archaeological excavations carried out in the southern crypt in the church of Nativity of Blessed Virgin Mary in Piaseczno (Pomeranian Voivodeship) two fragments of clay pipe bowls were found. Analysis of the objects showed that one of the bowls was part of a porcelain compound pipe, while the other was the bowl of a homogeneous pipeclay pipe, originating from a Dutch workshop operating in the third quarter of the 18th century. The presence of pipes in grave equipment may indicate special treatment of objects used for tobacco smoking. Ethnographic sources indicate that, like other stimulants, tobacco, pipes and snuffboxes were offered to deceased enthusiasts of smoking or using snuff in the form of grave equipment of the last journey. An example of a homogeneous pipe bowl from Piaseczno indicates that wellpreserved ceramic pipes allowing their identification can be used for relative dating of burial or room in which it was deposited.