Modernizm Josefa Albersa. Szkic do portretu
Modernism of Josef Albers. Sketch to the Portrait
Josef Albers, a German-born artist and educator, together with his peers, Johannes Itten, László Moholy-Nagy, and especially Walter Gropius, taught at Bauhas, led by the principle of „opening eyes”. After the Nazis took power in Germany, he emigrated to the United States and became affiliated with the Black Mountain College, North Carolina, also giving lectures at Harvard University, Yale University, University of Mexico, Catholic University of Santiago de Chile, Technology Institute of Lima in Peru, Hochschule für Gestaltung in Ulm, and University of Honolulu. His teaching method was influenced by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Wilhelm Worringer and John Dewey, as well as Gestalt Psychology and color theory of Wilhelm Ostwald. Albers encouraged creativity, situational thinking, and use of the inductive method. His method of teaching art became outdated; however his influence has lasted, and especially his course on examination of colors is still used in Europe and the United States.