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2022 | 4(171) | 101–124
Tytuł artykułu

Prezydent w systemie politycznym Wietnamu. Analiza porównawcza założeń ustrojowych wietnamskich konstytucji

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The president in the political system of Vietnam. A comparative analysis of the systemic assumptions of the Vietnamese constitutions
Języki publikacji
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Abstrakty
EN
The analysis undertaken in the article concerns the position of the president in the political system of Vietnam. The analysis begins with the period of formation of Vietnamese statehood after colonial era. In 1946, Vietnam’s first constitution was adopted. Following the abdication of Emperor Bao Dai, the first president acting under it was Ho Chi Minh. The constitution gave the president considerable powers which were amended in subsequent constitutions. Vietnam’s political system was strongly influenced by the international situation at each stage ending with adoption of a new constitution. Beginning with the second constitution, in 1959, the Communist Party of Vietnam remained the leading force in the state. The victory with the United States of America sealed this state of affairs. A feature of the entrenched party system in Vietnam was that the ruling party based on collegial leadership. This collegial leadership also applied to the president’s position in the political system. It was no longer the president himself, but the collegiate bodies that indicated the directions of development of the socio-economic system. The glue remained the Communist Party of Vietnam, which controlled, supervised and fed these collegiate bodies. Changes came after the doi moi reforms, when it was decided to liberalise the economy, but with limited changes to the political system. The entire current ruling elite of the country comes from the CPV. The last constitution was adopted in 2013, while personnel decisions were made at the 13th Congress of the CPV – a return to a power-sharing structure based on the “four pillars”: the secretary general of the party, the president, the prime minister and the speaker of the National Assembly.
Czasopismo
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Numer
Strony
101–124
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Prof. dr hab. Małgorzata Pietrasiak Uniwersytet Łódzki, Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politologicznych, Polska University of Lodz, Faculty of International Relations and Political Studies, Poland malgorzata.pietrasiak@wsmip.uni.lodz.pl, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4279-1483
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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