ACADEMIC SCHOOLS IN UKRAINE
Team work of formal and informal research entities, such as academic schools, has been an outstanding feature of science since the late half of XIX century. Following the model for the academic school, elaborated by the author, the academic school represents an informal creative community of researchers belonging to various generations, headed by the leader in a certain research field, united by similarity in approaches to problem solving, by working and thinking style, by originality and novelty of ideas and methods for doing a research program; such community can be distinguished by generation of significant research results, by scientific and public merit it gains in a given field of knowledge. The above characteristics were laid as criteria for identification of informal creative teams as academic schools. As a result, informal communities of researchers, created by outstanding scientists [working in the Academy in various periods], like N.Amosov, M.Bogolyubov, V.Glushkov, L.Landau, Ye. Paton and B.Paton, others, can be referred to as academic schools. The list of academic schools, including their members, defined by methods of questioning and analysis of recollections and sayings of their representatives is given in the text.
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